Tuesday, December 27, 2022

Caswell County, North Carolina, Presbyterian Churches (2022)

Caswell County, North Carolina, Presbyterian Churches (2022)

1. Bethany Presbyterian Church
2. Bethesda Presbyterian Church
3. Gilead Presbyterian Church
4. Grier's Presbyterian Church
5. Milton Presbyterian Church

6. Oakview Presbyterian Church
7. Palmer's Chapel Presbyterian Church
8. Pleasant Grove Presbyterian Church
9. Red House Presbyterian Church
10. Yanceyville Presbyterian Church

Caswell County, North Carolina, Methodist Churches (2022)

Caswell County Methodist Churches (united and otherwise as of 2022)

1. Bethany Methodist Episcopal Church
2. Bethel United Methodist Church (Prospect Hill)
3. Bethel United Methodist Church (Pelham)
4. Calvary United Methodist Church
5. Camp Springs United Methodist Church (9168 Cherry Grove Rd)

6. Camp Springs United Methodist Church (9502 Cherry Grove Road)
7. Connally United Methodist Church
8. Hebron United Methodist Church
9. Leasburg United Methodist Church
10. Locust Hill United Methodist Church

Caswell County, North Carolina, African Methodist Episcopal Churches (2022)

Caswell County, North Carolina, African Methodist Episcopal Churches (2022)

1. Macedonia AME Church
2. Oak Level AME Church
3. Pearson Chapel AME Church
4. St. Andrews AME Church
5. Stoney Creek AME Church

Saturday, December 24, 2022

Caswell County, North Carolina, Baptist and Primitive Baptist Churches (2022)

Caswell County, North Carolina, Baptist and Primitive Baptist Churches (2022)

1. Allen's Chapel Missionary Baptist Church (5630 Ridgeville Road, Ridgeville)
2. Allred New Mission Baptist Church (244 Kerr's Chapel Road, Anderson)
3. Baynes Baptist Church (1757 Baynes Road, Baynes)
4. Beulah Baptist Church (1834 US Hwy 158 E, Leasburg)
5. Beulah Baptist Church (3027 NC Hwy 119, Leasburg)

6. Blackwell Missionary Baptist Church (4777 Hwy 158 W, Locust Hill)
7. Blanch Baptist Church (5931 Blanch Road, Blanch)
8. Brown's Arbor Primitive Baptist Church (570 Underwood Road, Camp Springs)
9. Brown's Chapel Missionary Baptist Church (461 Brown's Chapel Road, Matkins)
10. Burton's Chapel Missionary Baptist Church (5277 Burton Chapel Rd, Hightowers)

11. Bush Arbor Primitive Baptist Church (101 Cherry Grove Road, Jericho)
12. Cedar Grove Missionary Baptist Church (4011 US Hwy 158, Locust Hill)
13. Cherry Grove Baptist Church (412 Browns Chapel Road, Cherry Grove)
14. Community Baptist Church (3050 Old NC 86 Hwy N/Old State Hwy 86, Covington)
15. Corbett Memorial Baptist Church (1694 Mineral Springs Road, Allison)

16. Covenant Reformed Baptist Church (6611 Old North Carolina Highway 86, Providence)
17. Cross Roads Baptist Church (1744 Ashland Road, Ashland)
18. Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church (2901 Bertha Wilson Road, Providence)
19. Ekklesia Baptist Church (4450 Blanch Road, Blanch)
20. First Baptist Church of Yanceyville (378 Church Street West, Yanceyville)

Thursday, December 22, 2022

Hotchkiss Vertical Water Wheel: Caswell County, North Carolina


Hotchkiss Vertical Water Wheel

"With such a deservedly high character, the Subscribers feel justified in offering these Wheels to the Public. They will sell individual or county rights on reasonable terms. They also keep constantly on hand for sale, Pairs of Wheels, (varying in size to suit different heads of water," in this place [Fayetteville], Wilmington, Washington, and Newbern, -- and also for sale by John T. Dodson, Caswell County."

The Greensboro Patriot (Greensboro, NC), 4 April 1846.

These vertical waters wheels powered saws for cutting lumber. John T. Dodson has not been further identified, but may be associated with the Dodson family of Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina. However, the 1850 United States Federal Census shows John Dotson [Dodson], a "Mill Wright," born c. 1808 in Virginia, and living in Guilford County, North Carolina.

Click image to see a larger version.

Wednesday, December 21, 2022

Village Hotel in Yanceyville (Caswell County, North Carolina)

Village Hotel in Yanceyville

When this hotel was built is not known. Nor is known its exact physical location in Yanceyville. An early reference I found is an 1846 newspaper advertising its sale:

"Village Hotel, at Yanceyville For Sale"

"On Monday the 29th June next [1846], (being the first day of the Caswell County Court,) by Virtue of a Decree of the Court of Equity, I will sell at public Auction on the premises, in the Town of Yanceyville, the Lot and Tavern recently owned and occupied by the late Capt. Wm. Graves, together with all the appurtenances.

"The main building is large and well arranged, the out houses, numerous and convenient, constituting this one of the most desirable and valuable Hotels in this State. This property is so well and favorably known that a minute discription [sic] of it is deemed needless. A credit of nine months will be given -- bond and security required, and the title retained until the purchase money is paid.

"At the same time and place, and on the same terms I will sell four other Lots in the Town of Yanceyville."

Calvin Graves, Ex'r. and Com'r.

May 15th 1846.


Source: The Weekly Standard (Raleigh, North Carolina), 24 June 1846.

Tuesday, December 20, 2022

Prominent Caswell County, North Carolina, Whigs in Late 1830s

Prominent Caswell County Whigs in Late 1830s

Dr. Allen Gunn, M.D.
Paul Anderson Haralson
John Kerr
Warner Meriwether Lewis
Nathaniel Henry McCain
James Mebane
Algernon Sidney Yancey

Source: The Greensboro Patriot (Greensboro, NC), 22 October 1839.

In 1834, the Whig Party was formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson (Democratic Party). It lasted only a few years, but did produce four presidents: William Henry Harrison; Zachary Taylor; John Tyler; and Millard Fillmore.

When the Whig Party split up, primarily over the issue of slavery, there was not a direct successor as several parties developed. However, the most important of these was the Republican Party that produced President Abraham Lincoln.

Monday, December 19, 2022

Caswell County, North Carolina, 1856-1857 Fiscal Year Tax Report


Here is an interesting Caswell County document kindly shared by a Strader family researcher. It is the 1856 tax report [1856-1857 fiscal year]. Christian Strader is shown as Caswell County Sheriff because at the time the sheriff collected taxes. Christian Strader served as Caswell County Sheriff 1856-1860. Note some of the interesting items taxed. Note also the poll tax (tax on heads or individuals) generated the largest amount of state tax.

Why total Caswell County acreage is shown as only 262,005 is not totally understood. Today we know the total acreage of the county is 273,920. Perhaps this was due to inaccurate surveys at the time. It also may be the total acreage shown excludes certain non-taxable land owned by churches (including cemeteries) and the government. However, note that certain "Town Property" was taxed.


The Caswell County document is from: "Report of the North Carolina Comptroller of Public Accounts, for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1857."

"Statement, Exhibiting the valuation of real estate, and the Taxes derived from each subject of taxation in the several Counties of the State; also the Taxes levied by the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for County purposes, as follows."

Source: The Weekly Standard (Raleigh, North Carolina), Wednesday, 27 January 1858 [https://www.newspapers.com/image/58243336 - accessed 19 December 2022].


Note the three county tax items: "Poor," "County Expenses," and "Schools."

The taxes allocated to the "Poor" were to fund the Caswell County Poor House and associated cemetery, which became the County Home.

Taxes allocated to "County Expenses" covered the Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, the various county employees, and county property (courthouse, jail, stocks, etc.).

School taxes were to support the common schools in Caswell County.


The tax rates for "County Expenses" and "Schools" may be confusing. Just read "do" as meaning "same as above."

Thus, the rates for "County Expenses" were "19 cents per $100 value real estate, and 41 cents per poll [head]."

The rates for "Schools" were "6 cents per $100 value real estate, and 18 cents per poll [head]."

Sunday, December 18, 2022

Democratic Party of Caswell County in Late 1830s

Prominent members of the Democratic Party of Caswell County in the late 1830s. This was the party of Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren. The opposing party at the time was the Whig Party (established in 1834 in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson).

The Caswell County newspaper of the time that supported the Democratic Party was The Milton Spectator

Quinton Anderson
William D. Bethell
John C. Brown
Captain Thomas J. Brown
William Brown

Henry Cobb
Calvin Graves
General Barzillai Graves
General Thomas W. Graves
Littleton A. Gwynn

Zera Gwynn
Edward M. Jones
Colonel James K. Lea
Major W. A. Lea
Colonel William Lea

Hiram Lockard
Dr. John B. McMullen
Abner Miles
Samuel Moore
John S. Oglesby

Dabney Rainey
Thomas J. Reid
William Russell
Richard I. Smith
Nicholas Thompson

Dr. Levi Walker
George Williamson
Dr. James E. Williamson

Monday, December 05, 2022

Milesville, Caswell County, North Carolina: Origin of Name

 Milesville, Caswell County: How It Was Named

"When James Miles (1784-1848) and Elizabeth Burnette (Betsy) Gunn Miles (1786-1873) were first married, they built and lived in a one-room log cabin with a half-wooden, half-dirt floor, which was located south of Yanceyville, North Carolina. At that time, they were unable to afford a completely wooden floor. 

"They later bought the Judge Thomas Ruffin farm in Stoney Creek Township, consisting of 1700 acres, for 50 cents an acre. Much later, the farm was divided among the twelve children. James Miles gave the name Milesville to the site where he settled and for years there was a general store and post office at the site."

Source: The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina, Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985) at 382-383 (Article #489 "The Miles Family" by Alice M. Reavis).

Hugh Dobbin/Dobbins Sold Free Black Children: 1788

 Hugh Dobbin/Dobbins Sold Free Black Children: 1788

"There were free blacks in Caswell County by the late eighteenth century, but they sometimes had difficulty proving their status. At the county court session of January 23, 1789, Hugh Dobbin was ordered to appear before the Hillsborough Superior Court to answer a charge that he had taken into his possession 'and conveyed away three free born Negro Children.' The children were those of Cuzza Tiner (or Tyner). Dobbin was ordered to post sufficient securities in the amount of £500 for each of the children and £1,000 for himself 'payable to the State but to be void on condition that he shall do his utmost endeavour & if in his power to find the three Negro Children.' He was given until the April meeting of the court to recover the children. There appears to be no further mention of this case in the court records, and it can only be assumed that the matter was settled promptly and to the satisfaction of the justices."

Source: Powell, William S. When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977. Durham (North Carolina): Moore Publishing Company, 1977, p. 525.

Sunday, December 04, 2022

Leasburg (Caswell County, North Carolina) Lot Numbers

Leasburg Lot Numbers

Lot Numbers Identified: 2, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 52, and 59

This partial list indicates at least 59 lots were created when Leasburg was established. The following references 62 lots:

"Leasburg, in the east central part of the county near the Person County line is in an area that was settled by about 1850. It was incorporated in 1788 but has long been inactive in municipal affairs. Named for William Lea owner of a part of the original site, it was established as the location of the Caswell courthouse in 1777 and continued to serve that purpose until the county was divided in 1791 [actually 1792] at the creation of Person County. It has had postal service since 1796 [actually 1794]. By the time the town was incorporated, William Lea and Nicholas Delone had laid off and sold a hundred acres in 62 lots."

"With a town in the making around the courthouse it seemed fitting that it should be formally recognized.  Benjamin Douglass, Caswell member of the House of Commons, introduced a bill in the Assembly in November 1788 'to establish the Town already laid off at the Court House in Caswell.'  The bill had easy sailing through both the House and the Senate and the Session Laws for 1788 noted that Nicholas Delone and William Lea had already laid off one hundred acres adjacent to the courthouse into streets and sixty-two lots and that a number of lots had already been sold to merchants, workmen, and others. Many buildings had been erected and considerable improvements made to many of the lots.  The Assembly then incorporated the site as the town of Leasburg. Trustees "for the further designing, building and improving the said town" were to be Nicholas Delone and William Lea, of course, but also included Lloyd Vanhook, Thomas Neeley, Gabriel Lea, Samuel Johnson, and John M'Farlin. This was to be a self-perpetuating body, and the trustees were instructed to reserve the four acres on which the public buildings stood and the springs in the town for public use."

Source: Powell, William S. When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977. Durham (North Carolina): Moore Publishing Company, 1977, pp. 95 and 320.

While Nicholas Delone has been identified, there are too many with the name William Lea to attach one to the above. However, candidates include:

William (Merchant) Lea (1747-1806)
William (South Hyco) Lea (1715-1804)

Photograph: House of Nicholas Thompson (1781-1857), which was built on either one of the early lots or on the area set aside for the first Caswell County courthouse. 

Photograph courtesy Jim Upchurch 

Note the old Leasburg tavern in the left of the frame background.

Leasburg Lot Numbers: 1821

When Milton was established as a town, the area to be incorporated was surveyed and lots were numbered before being sold. While the same was done in Leasburg, there are few references to Leasburg properties by lot number. Below is one.