Friday, September 19, 2008

National Farmers' Union (1910)

(click on photograph for larger image)

The National Farmers Union (officially Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America) is a national federation of State Farmers Union organizations in the United States. It is the second largest general farm organization in the country, after Farm Bureau. The organization was founded in Point, Texas, in 1902 and is now headquartered in Denver, Colorado. Today, the organization continues its original mission: to protect and enhance the economic well-being and quality of life for family farmers and ranchers and their rural communities. It does this by promoting legislation and education beneficial to farmers, and by developing cooperative buying and selling methods and businesses.

National Farmer's Union Website


Hamer General Store (Caswell County, North Carolina)

(click on photograph for larger image)


Tuesday, September 16, 2008

Albion Winegar Tourgee (1838-1905)

Karcher, Carolyn L. A Refugee from His Race: Albion W. Tourgée and His fight against White Supremacy." Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

From the Publisher: During one of the darkest periods of U.S. history, when white supremacy was entrenching itself throughout the nation, the white writer-jurist-activist Albion W. Tourgee (1838-1905) forged an extraordinary alliance with African Americans. Acclaimed by blacks as "one of the best friends of the Afro-American people this country has ever produced" and reviled by white Southerners as a race traitor, Tourgee offers an ideal lens through which to reexamine the often caricatured relations between progressive whites and African Americans. He collaborated closely with African Americans in founding an interracial civil rights organization eighteen years before the inception of the NAACP, in campaigning against lynching alongside Ida B. Wells and Cleveland Gazette editor Harry C. Smith, and in challenging the ideology of segregation as lead counsel for people of color in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case.

Here, Carolyn L. Karcher provides the first in-depth account of this collaboration. Drawing on Tourgee's vast correspondence with African American intellectuals, activists, and ordinary folk, on African American newspapers and on his newspaper column, "A Bystander's Notes," in which he quoted and replied to letters from his correspondents, the book also captures the lively dialogue about race that Tourgee and his contemporaries carried on.

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Caswell County Sheriff

Caswell County, North Carolina has had the following men occupy the office of sheriff:

David Shelton 1777-1779
Thomas Rice 1779-1780
John Atkinson 1780
James Rice 1780
David Shelton 1780-1783

John Douglas 1783-1785
James Saunders 1785-1787
Robert Parks 1787-1789
Spillsby Coleman 1789-1790
Thomas Brooks 1790-1792

William Swift 1792-1793
Adam Sanders 1793-1795
Azariah Graves 1795-1797
James Williamson 1797-1799
William Muzzle 1799-1801

Gabriel Lea 1801-1802
William Rainey 1802-1804
Samuel Johnson 1804-1805
Archibald Samuel 1805-1806
John Stamps 1806-1814

Nathan Williams 1814-1815
George Williamson 1815-1832
Thomas L. Lea 1832-1842
John K. Brooks 1842-1850
Frank A. Wiley 1850-1856

Jesse C. Griffith 1856
Christian Strader 1856-1860
Jesse C. Griffith 1860-1879
Barzillai Graves 1879-1891
T. P. Womack 1891-1894

John T. Donoho 1894-1900
Abner Fitch 1900-1907
Thomas N. Fitch 1907-1919
Will Burton 1919-1920
John H. Gunn 1920-1929

John Y. Gatewood 1929-1936
John H. Gunn 1936-1950
John Y. Gatewood 1950-1951
J. Whitt Powell 1951-1953
Lynn Banks Williamson 1953-1958

Frank B. Daniel 1958-1966
Bobby E. Poteat 1966-1978
James I. Smith, Jr. 1978-2002
Michael L. Welch 2002-2018
Tony Durden 2018-


Saturday, September 13, 2008

North Carolina State Archives: Caswell County

Guide to Research Material in NC State Archives - County Records & State Records


Established in 1777 from Orange County.
Some records were said to have been destroyed during occupation
by militia troops during Reconstruction.



Apprentice Bonds and Records, 1777-1921; 2 volumes, 2 Fibredex boxes.
Bastardy Bonds and Records, 1780-1905; 1 volume, 2 Fibredex boxes.
Officials’ Bonds and Records, 1777-1907; 1 volume, 3 Fibredex boxes.
Tavern Bonds, 1777-1868; 1 Fibredex box.