Wednesday, July 13, 2011

Caswell County (North Carolina) Civil War Groups

"The Caswell Boys," Company H, 6th Regiment N.C. State Troops
"The Caswell Rangers," Company C, 41st Regiment N.C. Troops (3rd Regiment N.C. Cavalry)
"The Caswell Rifles," Company G, 22nd Regiment N.C. Troops (12th Regiment N.C. Volunteers)
"The Leasburg Grays," Company D, 13th Regiment N.C. Troops (3rd Regiment N.C. Volunteers)
"The Leasburg Guards," Company D, 13th Regiment N.C. Troops (3rd Regiment N.C. Volunteers): Possibly the same as the Leasburg Grays.
"The Milton Blues," Company C, 13th Regiment N.C. Troops (3rd Regiment N.C. Volunteers)

A Note on North Carolina Military Nomenclature, 1861-1865: A law enacted on May 8, 1861, authorized ten regiments of "State Troops," whose term of service was to be three years or the duration of the war. James Green Martin, who had recently resigned as a major in the United States Army, was appointed adjutant general of that body of troops. Meantime, state Adjutant General John F. Hoke accepted volunteer regiments, with enlistments of six or twelve months, under exiting laws. By summer 1861 fourteen volunteer regiments and several "State Troops" regiments had completed their organization. Both types of regiments were permitted to to begin their series of line numbers with a "1." Thus, there were in existence at the same time, for example, a "2nd Regiment North Carolina Volunteers and a "2nd Regiment North Carolina State Troops," both of which were casually referred to as the "2nd North Carolina." The dual system of numbering proved to be a source of confusion, particularly among officials of the Confederate government in Richmond. A decision was reached to permit the "State Troops" regiments to retain their line numbers but to add 10 to the line numbers of the fourteen volunteer regiments. Thus the "2nd Regiment North Carolina Volunteers" became the "12th Regiment North Carolina Troops," and so forth. Beginning with the 25th Regiment, all new regiments were numbered in sequence, and with the reorganization of the volunteer regiments for the duration of the war in the spring of 1862, the distinction between "Volunteer" and "State Troop" regiments became moot. Compounding the above confusion, was the practice of numbering artillery and cavalry regiments within their branch of service in addition to their regular line number. For example, the "41st Regiment North Carolina Troops" was informally (but commonly) known as the "3rd Regiment North Carolina Cavalry"; an artillery example is the "40th Regiment North Carolina Troops" which was the "3rd Regiment North Carolina Artillery." In apparent contradiction to the above, the numbering system for North Carolina battalions did not vary by branch of service, examples: "2nd Battalion North Carolina Infantry"; "3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery"; "5th Battalion North Carolina Cavalry." When the parent organization of any of the companies listed below served under two names, the most common name of the parent organization is listed and the second name provided in parentheses.

A Note on Sources: The vast majority of the local designations were taken from the sixteen volumes (to date) of North Carolina Troops, so anyone who owns or has access to them will have almost all of the information contained herein.

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