Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Lea Family: Obituaries and Marriage Notices from the Tennessee Baptist 1844-1862

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Obituaries and Marriage Notices from the Tennessee Baptist 1844-1862, Compiled by Russell Pierce Baker 1979

LEA, ELIZA d. march 16, 1859 in Desoto Co., Miss., mother of Eld. William M. Lea* age 70
Oct 1, 1859
* William Moore Lea, son of John and Eliza Vaughn Lea

LEA, ELIZA VAUGHN d. March 16, 1859 in Desoto Co., Miss wife of Eld. John Lea*, age 41 (sic)
Nov 9, 1861
*John Lea, son of James (Shooboot)Lea & Frances  Rucker

LEA, ELIZABETH d. march 27, 1860  in Haywood, TN    widow of James R Lea*    b. 1794
May 5, 1860
*James Rucker Lea, son of James Shooboot Lea/FR and  sp of Eliza Graves

LEA, JAMES RUCKER* d. July 28, 1855  in White Co., Ark age 45                                                    April 14, 1855
*Son of John Lea/Eliza Vaughn

LEA, ELD. JOHN d. Juy 28, 1861 in Conway Co., Ark  age 73                                                              Nov 9, 1861
*son of James(Shooboot) Lea/Frances Rucker

LEA, MARY A. d. March 23, 1860 in Haywood Co., TN wife of Solomon P. Lea, age 23                    May 5, 1860
*Mary Ann Pender

LEA, S. P*. married to Mary Ann Pender Oct 1, 1856 in Haywood Co., TN                                          Dec 13, 1856
*Solomon P Lea, son of James Rucker Lea/Elizabeth Graves

LEA, ELD. W.M*. married to Sallie Barrett June 3, 1861 in Little Rock, Ark                                        June 29, 1861
*William Moore Lea, son of John Lea and Eliza Vaughn

Friday, July 20, 2018

Colonel John Patton (1765-1831): The North Carolina - South Carolina Border Surveys - 1730 to 1815

It appears that the dispute between the two Carolinas as to boundary lines began around the year of 1720, "when the purpose to erect a third Province in Carolina, with Savannah for its northern boundary," began to assume definite shape.

However, nothing was done until January 8, 1730, when a line was agreed on "to begin 30 miles southwest of the Cape Fear River, and to be run at that parallel distance the whole course of said river." In the following June, Governor Robert Johnson of South Carolina recommended that it run from a point 30 miles southwest of the source of the Cape Fear, shall be continued "due west as far as the South Sea," unless the "Waccamaw river lyes within 30 miles of the Cape Fear river," in which case that river should be the boundary.

This was accepted by North Carolina until it was discovered that the "Cape Fear rose very close to the Virginia border," and would not have "permitted any extension on the part of North Carolina to the westward." Meanwhile, both provinces claimed land on the north side of the Waccamaw river."

In 1732, Governor George Burrington of North Carolina published a proclamation in Timothy's Southern Gazette, declaring the lands lying on the north side of the Waccamaw River to be within the Province of North Carolina, to which Governor Robert Johnson of South Carolina replied by a similar proclamation claiming the same land to belong to South Carolina.

Thursday, July 19, 2018

Thomas Day Wardrobe on Display in Milton

Thomas Day Wardrobe on Display in Milton
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An 1856 Thomas Day wardrobe from the estate of Lois Sydnor Angle Love (1925-2018) now is on display at the Milton Renaissance Foundation Museum in Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina. 

Thomas Archimedes Donoho (1827-1887) apparently purchased various pieces of furniture from Milton cabinetmaker Thomas Day. On a bill of sale dated 25 February 1856, Day charged Donoho $95 for a rosewood wardrobe. Because most of the other Thomas Day wardrobes sold for between $25 and $35, the increase in price suggests the use of expensive wood.

The wardrobe was used by the Donoho family at their "Longwood" home, which burned a few years ago. "Longwood" was the home of the Donoho family until November 1954 when the last surviving child of Thomas Archimedes Donoho and Isabella Glenn Garland (1832-1886) died. It was once the home of Romulus Mitchell Saunders (1791-1867), who traded it to Dr. John Tabb Garland, M.D. (c.1795-1874). And, it presumably is through this ownership that the "Longwood" property came into the hands of the Donoho family. The daughter of Dr. Garland, Isabella Glenn Garland, married Thomas Archimedes Donoho 19 April 1854.
Courtesy The Caswell Messenger

Thomas Archimedes Donoho and Isabella Glenn Garland Donoho had the following children:

Mary Lowry Donoho (1855-1929) m. John M. Shepard
Isabella Garland Donoho (1856-1858)
Kate Morrison Donoho (1858-1869)
John Tabb Donoho (1860-1937) m. Nannie Graves Mebane
Thomas Archimedes (Arch) Donoho (1862-1920)
Isabella Victoria Donoho (1865-1950)
Glenn Garland (Doney) Donoho (1867-1945) m. Emily H. Watkins
Ellen Smith Donoho (1869-1954)
Grace Donoho (1871-1954) m. John Edward Tucker
Romulus Saunders Donoho (1873-1947) m. Annette Cotter

Several of these children rest at Cedars Cemetery in Milton, North Carolina.
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Sources:

Milton Renaissance Foundation Museum and Visitors Center (169 Broad Street, Milton, NC).

The Caswell Messenger (Yanceyville, North Carolina), Wednesday, 18 July 2018, Pages 1, 6, and 14.

Thomas Day: Master Craftsman and Free Man of Color, Patricia Phillips Marshall and Jo Ramsay Leimenstoll (2010) at 243 (footnote 134).

Sunday, July 08, 2018

Lewis Marion Graves (1826-1902)

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Whether Lewis Marion Graves is part of the following collections is not known:

Emory University
Graves Family Papers, 1818-1939 (Bulk 1835-1910)
Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library
Atlanta, GA 30322
404-727-6887
rose.library@emory.edu
Permanent Link: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/8zbxz

University of North Carolina
The Southern Historical Collection
Collection Number: 02606
Collection Title: Charles Iverson Graves Papers, 1831-1962
Link: https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/02606/

University of North Carolina
The Southern Historical Collection
Collection Number: 02716
Collection Title: Graves Family Papers, 1815-1901
Link: https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/02716/

A quick look at the online descriptions of these collections revealed no reference to a Lewis Marion Graves (or a Marion Lewis Graves).

Lewis Marion Graves (1793-1854) is a grandson of the Solomon Graves (1766-1830) who built "Mt. Pleasant" in Covington, Newton County, Georgia, Lewis Marion Graves being the son of Dr. John Lewis Graves, M.D. (1793-1854) and Martha W. Graves Graves (1801-1868).

This Dr. John Lewis Graves, M.D., is a brother of Iverson Lea Graves (1799-1864) of the Emory University Graves Family Papers collection. Thus, Iverson Lea Graves is an uncle of Lewis Marion Graves, and it would seem understandable that Lewis Marion Graves (or Marion Lewis Graves) was referenced in the collection.

Find A Grave memorial link:

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/59996913/lewis-marion-graves

Graves Family Association Gen #270 text:

Children of John L. Graves (532) and Martha W. (Graves) Dick

Lewis Marion Graves (1759), also known as Marion Lewis Graves, was born 14 July 1826 in Newton Co., GA, and died 13 Nov. 1902 in Ponce de Leon, Holmes Co., FL.  He has two headstones at his gravesite.  He married Martha Lisco.  She was born 13 March 1837 in AL, and died 5 July 1904 in Ponce de Leon, FL.  They were buried in Old Ponce de Leon Cem., Ponce de Leon, FL.  From his application for a Civil War Pension:  "I was shot through the right thigh with a minney ball at Tenson Mountain and remained sick in hospital at Atlanta, Ga. for a long time, and I am still sufering [sic] and can only walk on one foot., and I am not able to do any work att all."  His pension of $96 per year was granted on March 19, 1902, back dated to January 16, 1902. He died on 13 Nov. 1902, having only collected eleven months of his disability pension.

It was believed for some time that Lewis was descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA, and that the most likely connection was either from Lewis7 Graves (Robert6, Thomas5) who was born 1760 in Spotsylvania Co., VA, and died 1839 in Newton Co., GA, or from Solomon7 Graves (John6, Thomas5) who was born in 1766, married Frances Byrd Lewis, and lived in Newton Co., GA, perhaps through Solomon's son John L. Graves, born 1793.  Although none of the sons of Lewis Graves (b. 1760) is obvious candidates to be the father of Lewis Marion Graves, John L. Graves did have a son of the right age to be Lewis Marion Graves.  DNA testing in 2002 confirmed that Lewis Marion Graves was from this part of the family (although the testing could not distinguish between the two lines suggested here).  Lewis Marion Graves was probably the male in the household of John L. Graves listed as under 5 in 1830, and 15-20 in 1840.

This family was recorded on the 1880 census in Holmes Co., FL; their first two children were born in AL and the last three in FL.  (R-473, R-446).

Source: Graves Family Association Website (http://www.gravesfa.org/gen270.htm), Accessed 24 February 2014.
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Note the Find A Grave discrepancy with the above, showing Mary Unknown Graves (1837-1904) as the wife of Lewis Marion Graves. Of course these may be (and probably are based upon the life dates) the same person.

The research documents R-473 and R-446 may prove helpful.

The following census record lists five children.

1880 United States Federal Census
Name: Louis Graves
Age: 60
Birth Date: Abt 1820
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1880: Precinct 1, Holmes, Florida, USA
Dwelling Number: 177
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Mary Graves
Father's Birthplace: Georgia
Mother's Birthplace: Georgia
Married During Census Year: Y
Occupation: Laborer
Cannot Read: Yes
Cannot Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Louis Graves 60
Mary Graves 40
Samantha Graves 19
Emoline Graves 15
Nansey Graves 12
Lizzie Graves 8
Columbus Graves 5

Note that William Columbus Graves is shown on the Find A Grave site.

See: 1979 Katherine Kerr Kendall letter concerning the Solomon Graves family.

Friday, July 06, 2018

Bible Record of Solomon Graves (1784-1861)

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Bible Record of Solomon Graves (1784-1861), Graves Family Association Genealogy #270. At left is page three.

Much has been attributed to the following Bible record of Solomon Graves (1784-1861), the most significant being that Joseph Graves (c.1715-1774) and Thomas Graves (1691-aft.1767) are brothers. While the Bible record may indeed give support to that conclusion, researchers are admonished to realize that, not like many other family Bibles, this record appears to be an attempt by Solomon Graves to describe his Graves family. And, unlike other family Bibles, many of the "records" were not recorded contemporaneously with the event. Note also that part of the Bible record apparently was written by someone other than Solomon Graves (without date).

Moreover, the Bible record makes no mention of a third brother, John Graves, Jr. (c.1685-aft.1772), who has better real-world primary documentation than Joseph Graves or Thomas Graves. And, no mention is made of the parents of Joseph Graves and Thomas Graves.
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Note the following from Graves Family Association Genealogy #270 with respect to the earliest known member of this line:

"John Graves (1) was born about 1665 and died after 1737. His wife's name is not known. It is believed that he was an immigrant to Virginia from Northamptonshire, England (based on DNA testing, and the Bible record of Solomon Graves in the Appendix) . . . . "

The problem is that nothing in the transcript of the "Bible record of Solomon Graves" supports the conclusion that this John Graves was an immigrant to Virginia from Northamptonshire, England."

Thursday, July 05, 2018

Battle of Alamance (North Carolina)

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Battle of Alamance (North Carolina)

At a site six miles southwest was fought on May 16, 1771, the Battle of Alamance. Opposing forces were Colonial Militia, mainly from the eastern part of the province, commanded by Governor William Tryon, and a band of frontier dwellers known as Regulators, who had risen in arms against corrupt practices in local government.

On May 14 Tryon’s force of 1,100 men, arriving in the heart of Regulator country to subdue these uprisings, made camp on Alamance Creek. Already some 2,000 Regulators, armed with old muskets and makeshift weapons, had come together five miles southwest of Tryon’s position. Messages were exchanged between the camps, the Governor demanding immediate and complete surrender of the Regulators and the Regulators petitioning the Governor for reforms. Nothing came of the negotiations and on the morning of May 16 Tryon ordered his force to march. His route led along the old Hillsborough-Salisbury road which connected the two camps.

After marching about three miles, Tryon halted the militia and ordered a practice battle formation. After this maneuver the force re-formed in marching column and continued down the road. At ten o’clock Tryon’s men arrived within half a mile of the Regulators where they formed battle lines. Tryon sent ahead messages offering surrender terms while his militia marched slowly forward. When three hundred yards from the Regulators, they halted. The messengers returned to say that the Regulators had scornfully rejected surrender. Much time was then consumed in an attempt to exchange prisoners taken by both sides, but this effort failed.

Tryon feared that the Regulators were stalling for time to improve their battle position and ordered his troops to draw closer. He then sent a final warning that he was ready to open fire. To this message the Regulators replied, “Fire, fire and be damned.” A barrage from the Governor’s artillery, consisting of six swivel guns and two brass field pieces, began the engagement and was the signal for concentrated musket fire from the militia ranks.

The Regulators responded with volley after volley from their nondescript weapons. For half an hour they held their position in the open, then retreated to the protective covering of the woods at the edge of the clearing. For another hour and a half the battle raged, then the Regulator fire slackened. Tryon immediately ordered a charge and soon drove the Regulators from their positions. The fleeing frontiersmen were pursued half a mile. There Tryon halted his men and turned back toward the camp on Alamance Creek.

Two wounded militiamen, as well as many of the wounded Regulators, were brought into camp and treated by the Governor’s physicians. Regulator losses were nine killed, upward of two hundred wounded and between twenty and thirty taken prisoner. Nine of Tryon’s men were killed and sixty-one wounded. On May 17 James Few, one of the captured Regulators, was hanged as an outlaw after refusing to take an oath of allegiance to the king.

With the Battle of Alamance the Regulators were decisively crushed, but the effect of their campaign for reforms was embodied in the North Carolina Constitution. Newspapers throughout the colonies gave the battle wide publicity. In Boston and Philadelphia they cited the Regulators as martyrs and used their example to encourage the American cause on the eve of the Revolution.

References:

William S. Powell, James K. Huhta, and Thomas J. Farnham, eds., The Regulators in North Carolina, A Documentary History 1759-1776 (1971)

William L. Saunders, ed., The Colonial Records of North Carolina (1886-1890)

William S. Powell, The War of the Regulation (1949)

Paul David Nelson, William Tryon and the Course of Empire: A Life in British Imperial Service (1990)

William S. Powell, ed., The Correspondence of William Tryon and Other Selected Papers, 2 volumes (1980-1981)

Alamance Battleground State Historic Site website: http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/sections/hs/alamance/alamanc.htm
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ID: G-2
Marker Text: BATTLE OF ALAMANCE
Militia under Governor William Tryon defeated Regulators on May 16, 1771. Six miles S.W.

NC 62 at I-85 south of Burlington
County: Alamance
Original Date Cast: 1936