Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Dorothy Yarbrough Chandler (1912-2008)

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Dorothy Y. Chandler, 96, passed away peacefully on Dec.24, 2008 at her residence. "Nan" as she was affectionately called was the daughter of Ashley and Minnie Willis Yarbrough and was born in Caswell County on June 10, 1912.

The oldest member of Shiloh Baptist Church, she served in many capacities. She was recognized for the many years of dedication to her Sunday School Class. She truly loved the Lord all of her life and studied his Holy Word Daily. A wonderful mother and absolutely best Grandmother to her family. Always putting the needs of others above her own. Mrs. Chandler lived all of her life in the Estelle community, worked many years at Belk-Leggetts in Danville Va. She is survived by her daughter, Carolyn C. Lunsford and husband J. H. (Pete) of Milton, two grandsons, Andy and Lynn Lunsford. She was preceded by one son, John Ashley Chandler and wife Betty. Surviving are two grandsons Rickey Chandler and wife Cathy of Cascade Va. Gary Chandler of Rocky Mount, NC. Two grandaughters Cindy Smith and husband Bobby, Beth Powell and husband Benji Powell. She is survived by eight great grandchildren, Luke Lunsford, Josh Lunsford, Andrew Lunsford, Adam Lunsford, Bradley Chandler, Ashley Chandler, Trey Powell, Brooke Powell, Daniel Smith, John Robert Smith.

Funeral Services will be held on Friday, December 26, 2008 at 3:00 p.m. at Shiloh Baptist Church located on the Yarbrough Mill Rd. in Milton NC. The service will be conducted by the Rev. John L. Warner of Reidsville,NC and Rev. Ronnie Wyatt of Outer Banks, NC. Visitation will follow after the service. Also visitation is at the home of her daughter, Carolyn Lunsford, 135 Old Montgomery Rd. Milton, NC. In lieu of flowers, donations may be given to Shiloh Baptist Church. c/o Judy Harris, 1450 Jack Pointer Rd. Semora, NC 27343.

Monday, December 29, 2008

Two Families Named McCain

The following article is posted to this Caswell County Historical Association weblog because the McCain family apparently moved from Caswell County, North Carolina, to Mississippi. Hugh McCain (c.1734-1784) and his wife Agnes apparently moved to Caswell County in 1778.

Two Families Named McCain: Candidate's Kin Share a History With Descendants of Slaves

By Douglas A. Blackmon

TEOC, Miss. -- Lillie McCain is watching the presidential campaign from a singular perspective.
A 56-year-old psychology professor whose family spans five generations from the enslavement of her great-great-grandparents to her own generation's fight for civil rights, Ms. McCain appreciates the social changes that have opened the way for Sen. Barack Obama to be the first major-party black contender for the White House.

WSJ's Douglas Blackmon speaks with Charles McCain Jr. and his sister Mary McCain Fluker, descendants of slaves held at the Mississippi plantation owned by the family of Sen. John McCain's great-great-grandfather. (Oct. 16)

But she also has an uncommon view on another American passage. Ms. McCain and her siblings are descended from two of about 120 slaves held before the end of the Civil War at Teoc, the Mississippi plantation owned by the family of Republican nominee John McCain's great-great-grandfather.

In a year when the historic nature of Sen. Obama's candidacy is drawing much comment, the case of the Teoc McCains offers another quintessential American narrative in black and white. For the black McCain family, it is a story of triumph over the legacy of slavery; for the white McCains, it is the evolution of a 19th-century cotton dynasty into one rooted in an ethic of military and national service.

"I think that since we can't undo what has been done, that the most effective thing for us to do is figure out how to put things in perspective and go from there," says Ms. McCain, who holds a doctorate in psychology and teaches at Mott Community College in Flint, Mich. "To harbor anger and hostility and all that is counterproductive."

To Sen. McCain, "How the Teoc descendants have served their community and, by extension, their country is a testament to the power of family, love, compassion and the human spirit." It is, he added, in a statement provided by a spokesman, "an example for all citizens."

The McCains of Teoc

The black and white McCain families have long acknowledged their shared history at Teoc, a name that applies to both the plantation and the now-sparse community around it. A cousin of the senator still owns 1,500 acres of the original 2,000. Sen. McCain's younger brother, Joe, and other white McCains have attended family reunions organized by the African-American McCains.

Lillie McCain's family is descended from two slaves, named Isom and Lettie, according to interviews and examinations of family documents, county files and U.S. Census Bureau records. They remained closely entwined with the white family for decades after the Civil War, taking its surname and living close by on land rented from their former owners. Lettie McCain's headstone is still visible in an overgrown graveyard for African-Americans not far from the ruins of the last "big house" on the Teoc plantation.

Lillie McCain's family spans five generations from the enslavement of her great-great grandparents on the Mississippi Delta plantation, Teoc.

According to members of the white McCain family, the plantation in rural Carroll County, Miss., was purchased by Sen. McCain's great-great-grandfather, William Alexander McCain, in 1851, when many of the flat vistas of the Mississippi Delta region in the state's northwest corner were still swampy wilderness. After his death in 1863, his widow and a brother, Nathaniel Henry McCain, maintained the family's position among Mississippi gentry.

William Alexander McCain's son John Sidney McCain ran the plantation and served in local politics, including a term as county sheriff. A son of his, also named John Sidney McCain but known as "Slew," graduated from the Naval Academy in 1906 and began a military life that would eventually supplant the family's long history as cotton barons. He became an admiral and top naval officer during World War II. His son, the third with the same name but known as John S. "Jack" McCain Jr., also rose to the rank of admiral, in the Vietnam War era -- while his own son, Sen. McCain, was a Navy pilot and then a prisoner of war.

Sen. McCain's family lived primarily on military installations around the world. But they remained attached to Teoc, visiting repeatedly during Sen. McCain's childhood, often for long periods. When they went to the farm in the 1940s and 1950s, the future Sen. McCain and his brother stayed in the rambling house, now abandoned, of their great-uncle, Joe McCain, who had become the plantation's owner.

Sen. McCain's younger brother, also named Joe, said that though their father "moved around as the son of a naval officer, he too always thought of Teoc as his 'blood ground' and loved visiting there."

The McCains in the early 20th century were known among African-Americans for relatively equitable treatment of their workers and tenants, especially compared with the abuses happening on many other farms. A visitor to the plantation in 1923 published an account that described "a tradition and a policy of fair dealing between planter and laborer."

"That's how I remember it," said Frank Bryant, 90, a black former Teoc sharecropper. The 19th century had been a different story for African-Americans in Carroll County. In 1886, after two black men filed a lawsuit against a white man, a white mob rushed the courthouse and murdered more than 20 blacks there, according to court documents and newspaper accounts at the time. They weren't prosecuted.

Earlier still, just after the Civil War, Sen. McCain's ancestors, like many former slave owners, made use of newly passed laws designed to temporarily force some freed slaves back into the control of their former masters. Records in a dusty storage room in the Carroll County courthouse show that in February 1866, Sen. McCain's great-great-grandmother, Louisa McCain, and her brother-in-law Nathaniel filed petitions to take legal custody of three girls under age 15 whom the McCains had owned before emancipation. In court, the girls were identified with the surname "Freedman," a common practice with emancipated slaves. There is no record of the full circumstances, but thousands of young African-Americans at that time were forced under such claims to return to their onetime masters as apprentices. Those apprentice laws in the South were later struck down.

Once freedom was clearly established, two black McCain families remained close to the former owners. One family was led by the former slave Isom McCain, who was 34 at the end of the Civil War, and the other by Henderson McCain, a 16-year-old at the time of emancipation, according to census records. They raised large families in rented houses next door to each other at Teoc. The black McCains of today were raised to believe that they were blood relatives of the white McCains, dating back to slavery times. White McCains say they're unaware of any biological connection between the families. A spokesman for Sen. McCain declined to comment.

Lillie McCain's great-great-grandparents were two slaves on a plantation owned by Sen. McCain's great-great-grandfather.

In the 1880s and 1890s, Henderson McCain and later Isom's son, Harry, became trustees of a tiny school for black children, according to records found by a local genealogist, Susie James. In 1922, blacks at Teoc built a four-room schoolhouse with $1,750 they scraped together and $900 from a philanthropy that was helping blacks build schools across the South, the Rosenwald Fund.
Most of the descendants of Henderson McCain left Teoc in the 1950s. Isom's son Harry had a boy in 1885 named Weston. He saved enough to buy a small parcel of farmland. "He didn't want to be dependent on white people, or needing white people," says Lillie McCain, who is his granddaughter. "He thought it was important to own land. He used to say, 'Everybody ought to have some dirt.'"

Weston McCain's oldest son was Charles W. McCain, who lived from 1916 to 2000. After serving in the Army in France during World War II, he returned to Carroll County and, along with a cousin, bought 160 acres of land.

By then, the black McCains were emerging among the county's most important leaders. Charles McCain was a central figure in the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. When civil-rights workers swarmed Mississippi in 1964, the black McCains housed white activists and received bomb threats and harassing calls. "Daddy didn't want us to roll over and play dead or live as if you are not a person," says Lillie McCain. Her sister Mary McCain Fluker, 53, says their father "would always tell us you are just as good as anybody. 'You are no better than anybody,' he'd tell us, 'but you're just as good as anybody.'"

Civil-rights organizers held secret meetings at the family's church just off the Teoc plantation. The Mississippi Sovereignty Commission, a state agency formed to thwart the civil-rights movement, kept tabs on Mr. McCain, according to commission records. "Daddy was one of the leaders, one of the people out front," says 60-year-old Charles McCain Jr., a retired brick mason and teacher who still lives on the family land.

Lillie McCain remembers seeing Martin Luther King Jr. speak from the back of a flatbed truck in nearby Greenwood. She and her two brothers were arrested at a march in Jackson, Miss., organized by the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, whose leader, Stokely Carmichael, introduced the phrase "black power." Not long after Mr. Carmichael spoke at the McCains' church, it burned down, during a wave of Ku Klux Klan firebombings. The McCain children remember passing its smoking remains on their way to school the next day.

Amid those events, the black McCain children wondered what must be wrong with white people. "I was thinking, 'How can they kill people and they all go to church?'" says Lillie McCain. "I was just baffled by that." Sen. McCain grew to adulthood largely unaware of his family's ties to slavery. In a statement, he called the abuses of African-Americans in the 20th century "a dark and tragic chapter in American history" and said that "cultivating the bond between the two families...is important."

In the late 1960s, black McCain children were among those who integrated the previously all-white schools in the county seat, Carrollton. In 1969, Lillie McCain was one of the first two African-Americans to graduate from the integrated high school. Four of the six McCain children in her family served in the military and all six earned college degrees.

Lillie McCain earned a Ph.D. in psychology from Wayne State University in Detroit. Her sister Mrs. Fluker retired after a career as special-education teacher in the public schools from which she once was barred. Joyce McCain became a production executive at General Motors. Delbra McCain Roberts became a registered nurse. Charles Jr. taught bricklaying in the high school. The eldest child, George, became the first black fire chief in the town of Greenwood. Lillie and all of her siblings say they support Sen. Obama for president.

When George McCain was killed in a traffic accident in 2003, Frank Bryant, the aged former sharecropper, invited to the funeral Bill McCain, the senator's cousin, who owns the remaining 1,500 acres of Teoc plantation and lives nearby. It was the beginning of a modern dialogue between the two families as equals. At the service, Mr. McCain stood in the family section with the black McCains.

Source: The Wall Street Journal


Sunday, December 28, 2008

Yanceyville News 3 February 1922

Yanceyville News Notes

Yanceyville. Feb. 3. -- The meeting of the Caswell County Tobacco Growers' Association was held here Monday to elect delegates to the district meeting in Reidsville next were elected in the following order: Tuesday, February 7. Seven delegates. B. S. Graves, Yanceyville; S. F. Nicks, Leasburg; William Lea, Blanche; E. B. Blackwell, Quick; H. T. Watkins, Blanche; F. R. Warren, Prospect Hill; J. A. Burton, Hightowers.

Mrs. Dave Mebane of Mebane is visiting her brother R. L. Mitchell.

Mrs. Wade, who has been visiting her brother R. L. Mitchell has returned to her home in Tennessee.

Word has been received here from Memphis, Tenn. that Mrs. A. E. Henderson is ill with pneumonia.

Mrs. M. Cameron still continues in a critical condition in the General hospital, Danville.
James P. Burke of Reidsville, who stopped over in Yanceyville on his way to his regular appointments at Cunningham and Milton was detained here for several days on account of the snow. He returned to Reidsville Tuesday, having been unable to reach his appointments. While in the village he was a guest in the home of B. S. Graves.

Miss Mary Brown, after an enjoyable snow-bound visit to Miss Elizabeth Graves returned Wednesday to her home at Locust Hill.

Mr. Dove, county demonstrator, returned home Friday night from Raleigh. He started from Danville in his motor car, which gave out at Gatewood. From there he had the dangerous and thrilling experience of walking the ten miles to Danville through the snow.

The Bee (Danville, Virginia) (4 February 1922)


Friday, December 26, 2008

Thomas Richmond McPherson (1929-2008)

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Thomas Richmond McPherson (1929-2008)

Yanceyville (Greensboro News Record, 26 December 2008) — Thomas Richmond McPherson, Sr., 79, formerly of Yanceyville, died on Tuesday, December 23, 2008, in the Coble Health Center of Twin Lakes Community in Burlington after several years of declining health. Funeral services will be held 11 a.m. Saturday, December 27, at the Yanceyville Presbyterian Church with burial in the church cemetery. A memorial service will be held in Foley Chapel at Twin Lakes at a later date. He was born on May 30, 1929, in Mebane, N.C., to the late William Edgar and Irene Richmond McPherson and was a grandson of the late William King and Elizabeth Slaughter McPherson and the late Thomas Bethel and Margaret Murray Richmond, all of Mebane.

Yanceyville News 6 May 1922

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Thursday, December 25, 2008

Coach Lindsey Page

A night for champions and some great people

January 11, 2008 - 6:45 PM

When I saw Lindsey Page several months ago, it was the first time I’d laid eyes on him in 16 years or more. I couldn’t believe how little he had changed. He still had the same slight but solid build, the same white hair and the same sly and shy smile. It’s a mischievous grin, one that’s always trying to find the joke no matter where he is.

On this day in late May, Lindsey and his wife Myra stopped by the Times-News to stay hello and welcome me back to the area after 15 years away. It was good to see them. You get to know coaches pretty well as a sports writer and in the two years I covered Bartlett Yancey High School’s eventual march to the only state basketball championship in school history I learned a lot. I watched him carry the weight of an entire county’s hopes and hoop dreams as well as his own career goals as far as the semifinals in 1987. I saw him worn down by it even more the next year as the loaded Buccaneers won, and won and won some more. They lost their fifth game that year, at Reidsville, but didn’t drop another.

That didn’t make life any easier for the longtime coach who was then 48, the age I am today.
“You know, in some ways it’s harder when you’re winning than it is when you’re losing,” he told me one night in Graham that year in reference to the almost limitless pressure that comes from high expectations — particularly justified high expectations. The calendar had just turned to 1988. There was still a long way to go before Bartlett Yancey could get to the Smith Center, where the state finals would be played in March. Most thought this might be Bartlett Yancey’s best chance to do it.

I was among them.

Fast forward to May 2007 and all of that is in the deep past. So deep in fact that Lindsey is telling me that there’s a reunion of the 1988 state championship team planned for sometime in the coming year. He doesn’t know when but he’ll let me know.

“We’d like for you to come,” he said.

I quickly accepted.

THE DRIVE to Caswell County last Saturday was my first in about 20 years — since I actually covered basketball for the Times-News. I don’t see many people I recognize right away at the Caswell County Civic Center. Then I glance and see Lindsey Page escort a man and his young family down a deserted hallway. It looks to be Corey Elliott and it is.
Lindsey, with a handheld video camera, lines up Corey Elliott, his wife and young son as if for a family portrait and prods him to speak.

“I’m Corey Elliott,” he says to the camera and introduces wife Kiva and son Corey Jr. He goes on to tell his former coach what’s he’s doing these days — he’s a systems engineer who lives in Whitsett — as if Lindsey doesn’t already know. The coach and players have remained in touch. Corey Elliott mentions the championship ring, but adds that his son likes to wear it, too.
“What do you remember about the state championship game?” Lindsey asks. It won’t be the first or last time he poses that question. As the night goes on, he records players, coaches, friends and even former sports writers.

“Don’t get away without me getting you on videotape,” Page tells me.

A couple of minutes later, a tall man with impossibly broad shoulders fills the civic center doorway. He’s immediately hugged by one, two, three people or more. His smile matches his physical stature and the quiet lobby gets noisier. Keith Claiborne was always the emotional one.
The last time I saw any of them they were just kids really. Now they’re adults with families, jobs and responsibilities. Dana Elliott, who was always the quiet leader, works these days as a clinic manager at the Bone Marrow Transplant Center at UNC Hospitals in Chapel Hill. He lives in Elon with his wife Sandra, daughter Jazmine and son Dana Jr. Jazmine, he says, is on the junior varsity women’s team at Williams. I told him his work sounded interesting.

“It’s a lot of sick people though. Lots of pain with the glory,” he said.

Clarence Moore almost didn’t make it to the reunion. The sergeant first class in the Army reserves just returned from Iraq in time to make the dinner. Louis Williamson, the point guard who was named MVP of the state title game against North Surry, ran into some rough patches after high school but regained control of his life. Today he operates a barber shop in Danville.
One by one they talked about that magical 31-1 season, which ended with an 82-68 win in Chapel Hill — a night anyone who wanted to could’ve taken over Caswell County because nearly every county resident was at the game. The team brought the entire community together as one. In many ways it marked the best of what sports can be.

The players know it now.

“When we went off to college and would come back people would stop us and say, ‘You guys don’t know what you did for this county,’” said Claiborne, who now works for UPS. “Lots of them were people I didn’t know, but they knew me. They told me we brought people together. I didn’t realize it then, and it didn’t mean much to me then but it means a lot to me now.”

It obviously still meant a lot to everybody at the civic center last week — all the players, cheerleaders and fans who took the time to revisit a great moment they all shared.
Myra Page put the night and the accomplishment 20 years ago in perspective though.
“You all turned out to be great people and that’s more important than any state championship,”
she said.

I would have to second that.

Madison Taylor is editor of the Times-News. Contact him by e-mail at
madison_taylor@link.freedom.com or by calling 506-3030. Also read his blog at TheTimesNews.com


Corrina Page Aldridge (c.1917 - 1995)

Greensboro News & Record (May 24, 1995)

Corrina Page Aldridge: Burlington - Mrs. Corrina Page Aldridge, 78, of 2874 Union Ridge Road died Monday, May 22, 1995 at Alamance County Hospital. Born in Caswell County to the late Charlie Henry Page and the late Roberta Page Page, she was the widow of the late James Whitted Aldridge. She was a retired dietician for Alamance County Hospital and was a member of Lakeview Community United Church of Christ. Funeral will be 2 p.m. today at Lakeview Community United Church of Christ with burial in Cross Roads Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Mebane. The Rev. Reid Dickens, pastor of the church will be assisted by Layman Lawrence L. Rudd of Peoples Memorial Christian Church in conducting the services.

Mrs. Aldridge is survived by daughters, Mrs. Junior "Dot" Hicks of Burlington and Mrs. Janice Shotwell of Graham; sons, Larry L. Aldridge of Burlington and Kenneth A. Aldridge of Pleasant Garden; 12 grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren; sisters, Mrs. Omie Snipes and Mrs. Merita Rich, Mrs. Dixie Sartin and Mrs. Gaynell Murray, all of Burlington; brothers, Brannock Page of Elon College and Kayo S. Page of Burlington. Memorials may be made to Congregational United Church of Christ, 400 W. Radiance Dr., Greensboro, N.C. 27403.


Friday, December 19, 2008

Andrew J. Turner

Biographical Sketch of Andrew J. Turner, Laclede County, Missouri>From "History of Laclede, Camden, Dallas, Webster, Wright, Texas, Pulaski, Phelps and Dent Counties, Missouri" The Goodspeed PublishingCompany, 1889.**********************************************************************Andrew J. Turner, ex-judge of the county and a prominent farmer ofAuglaize Township, was born in Caswell county, N. C., in 1835, and is ason of Thomas and Celia (Wear) Turner. The father was born in Halifaxcounty, Va., November 15, 1790, and was the youngest child of Martin and Elizabeth Turner. Martin was born in England and came to the United States when a child, his parents both dying on the ocean whileen route to America. He attained his majority in Virginia, and afterbecoming grown was married to a Miss Lipscomb, who was born in KingWilliams County, Va., about 1810. After their marriage they went toNorth Carolina by wagon, and reared their family of ten children inCaswell county. Thomas Turner was in his twentieth year when his parents moved to North Carolina, and while a resident of that State heenlisted in the War of 1812, serving until the close. He was one of the leading men of his county, and in 1842 came with his family, over-land, to Missouri, making Springfield their home for two years. He then located in what is now Laclede county, where he improved a largefarm and resided until the breaking out of the late war, when he wentSouth and resided in Texas four years, then returning to the farm inMissouri, where he died in 1875. His wife was born in Caswell county,N. C., in 1800, and died February 1, 1862, while a resident of Texas.Four of their eight children are now living: Hillory M., William andMeriwether (deceased), John C. (deceased), Robert D., Mildred S. (de-ceased), Andrew J. and Thomas B. The father was first married toElizabeth Fisher, by whom he had one son, Rufus A., who is residing inTexas. Mr. Turner was a member of the A. F. & A. M. Andrew J. Turnergrew to manhood in Laclede county and attended the common schools andthe high school of Lebanon. He has resided on his present farm since 1858, with the exception of six years during the late war, when hemoved his family to Texas, and there enlisted, in February, 1862, inCompany G, Winston's Battalion, being afterward transferred to theMissouri Department, in which he served during the remainder of thewar. He was at the battles of Lexington, the first siege of Corinth,Prairie Grove and Little Rock. After the cessation of hostilities hereturned with his family to Missouri (1867) and in 1874 was electedjudge of the county court for a term of two years. November 18, 1858,he married Miss Laura L. Payton, who was born in Maury county, Tenn.,March 13, 1840, and is a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Payton, whocame to Laclede county, Mo., in 1855, and engaged in farming. The father died in 1857, but the mother is still living, and makes her homewith Mr. Turner. Mrs. Payton was born in Maury county, Tenn., Septem-ber 29, 1807, and after the death of Mr. Payton was married to JohnRagland, a native of Virginia, who died in 1876. Of the five childrenborn to her first union three grew to maturity, but all are now deceased, with the exception of Mrs. Turner. To Mr. and Mrs. Turnernine children have been born: Ella, wife of Samuel R. Fulbright; ThomasA., Robert B., Bettie F., Maude A., Henry P., Elmo M., Edna E. and Myrtle O. Mrs. Turner is a member of the Christian Church, and he is amember of the A. F. & A. M., of the Blue Lodge and the AgriculturalWheel. He is a stanch Democrat in politics.

Thursday, December 18, 2008

Anderson Mitchell (1800-1876)

MITCHELL, Anderson, a Representative from North Carolina; born on a farm near Milton, Caswell County, N.C., June 13, 1800; attended Bingham's School, Orange County, N.C., and was graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1821; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Morganton, Burke County, N.C., in 1830; moved to Jefferson, Ashe County, N.C., in 1831; clerk of the superior court of Ashe County; moved to Wilkesboro, Wilkes County, N.C., in 1835, and resumed the practice of law; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Lewis Williams and served from April 27, 1842, to March 3, 1843; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1842 to the Twenty-eighth Congress; member of the State house of commons 1852-1854; elected to the State senate in 1860; delegate to the State convention of May 20, 1861, that passed the ordinance of secession, and voted against secession; was appointed judge of the superior court by Provisional Governor Holden in September 1865, subsequently elected and reelected, and served until June 30, 1875, when he resigned; died in Statesville, N.C., December 24, 1876; interment in the Presbyterian Cemetery.

Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949; Biographies, p.2052

Anderson Mitchell was at one time a distinguished citizen of Wilkes. He was born in Caswell county in the year 1800; was educated at Bingham School and at the State University at Chapel Hill where he graduated in 1821. He read law under George Henderson and admitted to the bar in 1823.

Mitchell located in Jefferson, Ashe county, to practice his profession. In 1827, and 28 and 29 he represented Ashe county in the lower branch of the Legislature and in 1838 he was elected to the State Senate. In l840 he moved to Wilkesboro and the same year was elected to the State Senate from Wilkes. In l842 he was elected to Congress but resigned in l843 to devote his entire time to the practice of law.

In 1859 he removed to Statesville. In 1866, he was appointed Judge of Superoir Court, and in 1872 was elected, without opposition, to succeed himself as Judge and he served until his death in 1876 when Governor Brogden appointed D. M. Furches to succeed him.

On Dec. 24th, 1876, he died and was buried in the cemetery in Statesville.

Judge Mitchell's conduct during the Ku Klux era in North Carolina has won for him lasting fame. In his district there was no such thing as Ku Klux allowed; neither was there any necessity for such, for all the vio1ators of the law were punished without fear of favor. Our distinguished county man Anderson Mitchell Vannoy was named after him and was a close companion of the Judge until his death. Mitchell was an able lawyer, an excellent Judge, and a great and noble man.


Ku Klux Klan Activity (1869-1871)

Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General (Main Series), 1871 - 1880National Archives Microfilm Publication M666 Roll 1 "Statements, depositions, and other records submitted by Gov. William W. Holden relating to crimes of the Ku Klux Klan against citizens of North Carolina, 1869 - 1871"

Jan. 5, 1871 Case of Holden, Govr. N. C. Concerning Outrages in North Carolina
Respectfully referred to the Honorable Secretary of War By order of the President: (22 enclo.)

D. E. Babeoth The jail of Lenoir County broken open, and five men taken out, their throats cut, and their bodies thrown in Neuse river.

The jail of Orange County broken open, and three men shot at, two escaped, but one was wounded, and died of his wound.

The jail of Chatham County broken open and a United States prisoner released. He was in jail for violating the revenue law. He has not since been arrested.

The Sheriff of Jones County and Colonel of Militia, shot and killed from behind a blind, in the open day, on the public highway. His death was decreed by a Kuklux camp in the adjoining county of Lenoir. He was hated because he was a Northern man and a Republican. A colored man who was on horseback, in company with Sheriff Colgrove, was also shot and mortally wounded.

The Colonel of the Militia of Jones County, and a Justice of the Peace, shot and killed in the open day while at work in his saw mill. A colored man with him, at the same time badly shot.

A man named Grant shot and killed in Lenoir County, by order of a camp, because he threatened to divulge the secrets of the Kuklux.

A man shot from the back of a horse in Lenoir County and killed.

A colored man in Wayne shot in his own door and killed.

The family of Daniel Blue, colored, murdered in Moore County. Blue was wounded and escaped. His wife was killed. She was heavy with child. His five other children were murdered, the house set on fire, and the bones of all found next morning.

A colored man murdered in Harnett County.

Two white men of the name of McLeod murdered in Cumberland. The men who murdered them had painted faces. The Kuklux charged the murder on colored men, and one colored man was killed by them on account of it.

A colored man hanged in Chatham County. A revenue officer riding along the road, saw his body hanging and reported. His wife and children were sitting under the body moaning. Nothing was done about it.

A colored man in Chatham County badly whipped. As he returned to his house, the Kuklux followed. One of his daughters came out of his house with an infant in her arms, and fled. The Kuklux fired on her and wounded her and her infant.

A colored woman near Pittsborough, Chatham County, beaten with a club until her life was despaired of, because she complained to a magistrate that a white man, a Kuklux, had stolen her chickens.

A colored minister of the gospel in Gulf Township, Chatham County, compelled to take a torch and burn his own church, which he and others had built on his own land. The next morning, after the Kuklux had departed, the melancholy sight was presented of the minister and his congregation holding prayer over the ashes of his church.

A colored exhorter taken out of his house, in Orange County, made to double-quick for half an hour in the public road, and then required, on pain of death, to fall on his knees and pray!

A colored woman drowned in a mill pond in Orange County, because she had been "impudent" to a white lady! This is the only charge.

Two colored men taken out of their houses in Orange County, and hanged, on suspicion of having burnt barns.

A colored man in Orange County hanged, because he was found in the house of a white man at night, and suspected of being intimate with his daughters.

A colored boy in Orange County taken at midnight from his father, while they were burning charcoal, and hanged. The charge was that he had made some improper and foolish remark about the white ladies. His body hung ten days until the vultures partly consumed it, and no one during that time dared to take him down.

An expedition from the camp at Hillsborough, Orange County, to Gilbreath's Bridge, to aid in murdering Mr. Shoffner, one of the Senators from Alamance and Guilford, because he had introduced into the legislature a bill to protect life and property and to punish the Kuklux. A leading Kuklux, fearing the consequences of such an act, met this force of Kuklux and turned them back.

Wyatt Outlaw, a colored man, hanged near the Court House in Graham, Alamance County. He was a leading Republican, an industrious mechanic, and a man of unblemished character. His offense was that Gov. Holden had appointed him a justice of the Peace, and he had accepted the appointment, and was President in that county of the Union League of America. It was charged that he had incited colored men to fire on the Kuklux on the public highway, but this statement can be disproved by respectable witnesses. He was dragged from his house at midnight, his little son clinging to him as long as he could, and his aged mother pleading for him. He was hanged near the Court House, that the Kuklux might thereby show their contempt for the civil law.

William Puryear, a half-witted colored man who witnessed the murder of Wyatt Outlaw, followed two of the disguised murderers to their homes. On his return to Graham he told who these murderers were. In a short time he was taken out of his house and drowned in a mill pond near Graham.

Caswell Holt, a colored man, taken from his house in Alamance and badly whipped. He presumed to complain and appealed to a magistrate for justice. The case was tried and the parties who had whipped him proved that they were not present when he was whipped! One of the camps then decreed his death because he had asked for justice. He was again attacked in his own house, shot through the body, and was carried to Graham by order of the County Commissioners, nursed, and at last recovered.

The house of a colored man (Harvey) in Alamance, was visited by the Kuklux. Their appearance and conduct so frightened his wife that she dropped her infant child which she had in her lap, and the infant died from the fall. They then cruelly whipped Harvey. They whipped the father without cause, and were the cause of the death of the child.

A school house and church at Company Shops, Alamance County, for the use of the colored people, was burnt by order of a camp. The guilty party was arrested by order of Gov. Holden, and will be tried for the crime.

The Rev. Mr. Conliss, a native of Vermont, and a teacher of a colored school at Company Shops, Alamance, was taken from his house at night and badly whipped. His wife endeavored to protect him, and was struck on the head with a heavy pistol and badly wounded. Mr. Conliss was lame, and went on crutches; but the Kuklux had no mercy on the poor old crippled man. He was whipped because he taught a colored school and was a loyal man.

John W. Stephens, State Senator from the County of Caswell, was murdered in the open day in the Court House, in the town of Yanceyville. Four persons charged with having murdered him, or being accessory thereto, have been bound to appear and answer, as the result of the military movement of Gov. Holden. He was killed in the Court House, in the open day, to show Kuklux contempt for the civil law.

Sam Allen was driven from his house near Leasburg, Caswell County. A few nights afterward some colored men, friends of his, were watching at his house with his wife while he was concealed in the woods. The Kuklux appeared, these colored men fled, and Robin Jacobs, one of them and an old man, not being able to get out of the way, was shot through the head and killed.

The Kuklux of Rockingham County made a raid and fired into a house and shot a colored woman through the brain and killed her.

In the same county, in another case they thrust chunks of wood on fire into the faces and mouths of their victims!

In Forsyth County, a colored man was taken from his house, his hands and feet were tied, and a gag, described thus, placed in his mouth: -- a ball of hardwood, filled with hard, sharp, wooden pegs. This was forced into his mouth, and by leather strings attached to it, it was tied behind his head. He was then laid on his face, and one hundred lashes given him on his bare back.

In Alamance County a colored man named Noah Trollinger was whipped, and compelled to take a knife and hack and mutilate his private parts! After they had whipped Trollinger, and compelled him to mutilate himself, they rubbed his back with a rough persimmon stick!

Mr. A. L. Ramsour, white man, of Catawba County, was set upon in his house by about thirty Ku Klux, taken out, and whipped on his naked back by three men with hickory switches. His son, a young man grown, was forced to stand and see his father whipped. His little daughter clung to him as long as she could, and begged for her father.

Mr. Ramsour is a farmer of excellent character, a peaceable man, and religiously a non-resistant. His only fault was that he is an iron clad Republican. When Gen. Stoneman, in 1865, was in his neighborhood he hoisted the Stars and Stripes on his house. A certain man, one of his neighbors, took the flag down. Mr. Ramsour reported this traitor to Gen. Stoneman. This no doubt added to the venom and hatred cherished against him. A colored man, a tenant on Mr. Ramsour's land, was also badly whipped at the same time by these Ku Klux.

In Lincoln County, the Kuklux were on the public highway, looking for a certain colored man to whip or kill him. They met another colored man, fired on him and wounded him. Seeing their mistake, they laid him on a pile of rails, and told him to call for help. A gentleman who recently visited the cabin of this man says, he found his little children crying for bread, the mother absent working to get a little bread for the family, the father hobbling about on crutches unable to work and a cripple for life.

Sandy Sellars, colored, of Alamance, was whipped in January, 1869. After they had whipped him they rubbed or scraped his back with a rough persimmon stick!

Frederick Pool and wife, white, were taken from their bed at night in February, 1870, and severely whipped for speaking against the Ku Klux. This in Coats' District, Johnston County.

These are some of the worst Kuklux cases in North Carolina. Hundreds of other cases of scourging, and the cases of mutilation are necessarily omitted. There have been no cases thus far in which the parties have been convicted by the civil courts. As the result of the action of Gov. Holden about sixty have been bound over for trial in the counties of Lenoir, Jones, Alamance and Caswell. We shall see whether any of these 60 persons, thus charged with crime, will be convicted by a jury.

Albion Tourgee Letter



Monday, December 15, 2008

William Brudly [Bradley] Bowe Bible



Collected by J. BURCH BLAYLOCK,


Owner of Bible:
Mrs. Annie Lee Gunn Aldridge
(Mrs. W. Preston Aldridge) Rt. 1,
Yanceyville, N. C.


William Bradley Bowe and Mary Ann Miles were married December 15th, A. D., 1831 - Caswell Co., N. C.;
Thomas C. Bowe was married to Mary Rudd of Prince Edward County, Oct. 11th, 1854;
Sarah Virginia Bowe was married to William E. Harrelson April 20th, 1853;
Elizabeth J. Bowe was married to George Featherston 15th day December, 1858;
Harriet Ann Bowe was married to Samuel W. Evans 12th, Oct., 1862
Huldah G. Bowe was married to Felix M. Neal by Rev. Sol Lea 3rd of December, 1867;
T. C. Bowe was married the second time on the of Dec. 1859 to Miss Lucie Millner.
James D. Aldridge was married to H. G. Neal on the 19th of Oct. 1882 by V. A. Sharpe;
Henry A. Howard was married to Ada M. Neal the 3rd of Nov. 1886 by Rev. Solomon Lea;
William F. Clayton was married to Annie Mabel Aldridge Dec. 25, 1907 by Rev. R. G. Rood; -
William Preston Aldridge was married to Annie Lee GUNN Dec. 7, 1910 by Rev. Blalock;


William B. Bowe was born in the year of our Lord 19(1808)ninth day February, Pittsylvania Co., Va.;
Mary A. Miles was born 18th January in the year of our Lord, 1808, Caswell Co., N. C.
Thomas Cicero, son of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born 12th Oct, 1832, Hillsboro, N. C., Dedicated by Baptism. 1833;
Sarah Virginia, daughter of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born 15th day May A.D., 1835, Caswell Co., N. C., Dedicated by Baptism same year;
Elizabeth Jane, daughter of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born May 3rd, A.D., 1837, Caswell Co., N. C. Dedicated by Baptism same year;
William Preston, son of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born June 25th, A.D., 1839, Caswell Co., N. C.; Dedicated by Baptism same year;
Mary Allen, daughter of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born October 12th, A.D., 1841 - Caswell Co., N. C. Dedicated by Baptism next year;
Harriet Ann, daughter of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born Feb. 19th, A.D.,1844 - Caswell Co., N. C.; Dedicated by Baptism 1845;
Huldah Gunn, daughter of William B. Bowe and Mary A., his wife, was born the 6th. December, A.D., 1846 - Caswell Co., N. C.; dedicated by Baptism 1849;
James Preston, son of William Preston Aldridge and Annie, his wife, was born June 5th, 1912, Caswell Co., Yanceyville, N. C.
Ada Marshall Neal, daughter of Felix H. Neal & Huldah G. Neal, was born August 31st, 1868 - Locust Hill, N. C.;
William Preston Aldridge, son of James D. and H. G. Aldridge, was born Sept. the 7th, 1883, Yanceyville, N. C.;
Annie Mabel Aldridge, daughter of J. D. and H. G. Aldridge, was born Jan. 19th, 1886 - Yanceyville, N. C.;
Mabel Pauline, daughter of W.F. Clayton & Mabel, his wife, was born May 1st, 1911, Mebane, N. C.;
Huldah Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Henry A. Howard and Ada M. Howard, his wife, was born July 16th, 1887 - Locust Hill, N. C.;
Annie Virginia Howard was born 28 day of March, 1889 - Locust Hill, N. C.
Ella Stokes Howard was born in Granville September 3rd, 1891;
Henry Allen Howard, son of Henry A. Howard and Ada, his wife, was born Feb. 20th, 1896 - Montgomery place;
Ada Neal Howard was born August 30th, 1902, daughter of Henry A. Howard and Ada, his wife, Yanceyville, N. C.;
Myrle Elise Clayton was born Oct. 26, 1908, daughter of W. F. Clayton and Mabel, his wife, Mebane, N. C.;
Felix Neal Howard, son of Henry A. and Ada, his wife, was born Feb. 23, 1910 - Yanceyville;


Mary Ann Bowe departed this life on the morning of the 27th of Dec., 1856 - 49th year;
William Preston Bowe departed this life on 20th day of July, 1861 a soldier in the Confederate Army at Culpepper Court House, Virginia of Typhoid Fever;
Mary Allen Bowe departed this life 28th May, 1866 being 24 years, 7 months &16 days old; she had professed religion several years before her death & she had strong hope in her death in wanted to depart & be with him;
W. E. Harrelson departed this life 13th of August, 1866 in full hope of Heaven;
Felix M. Neal died the 13th of March, 1869 - He gave strong evidence of his acceptance with Christ.
Elizabeth J. Featherston departed this life the 29th of July, 1876 in the 39th year of her age. She was a Christian;
Wm. B. Bowe departed this life on the evening of the 9th of Feby, 1880 it being his seventy second birthday; he died as he lived a true and firm Christian;
S. W. Evans died the 24th of March, 1881 - Only gone before He trusted in Christ fully;
Thomas C. Bowe, oldest son of W. B. Bowe & Mary A., his wife, departed this life on the 30th. day of January, 1896;
Viny, an old servant woman, died Dec. 27th, 1862;
Annie A. Bowe died Nov. 29th, 1888; wife of W. B. Bowe at J. D. Aldridge 's;
James D. Aldridge departed this life Oct. 15th, 1899;
Anny Bowe, wife of W. B. Bowe, departed this life novo 29th, 1888;
James D. Aldridge departed this life Oct. 15th, 1899 in the 43rd year of his life;
Hattie A. Evans, daughter of William. B. Bowe & Mary, his wife, died Jan. 7th, 1901. She passed away happy in her Savior's love;
Thomas Allen Harralson departed this life Feb. 1910 in Richmond at his home, submissive to his Lord's Will and happy in His love;
Henry Allen Howard departed this life Mar. 18, 1914 in the 55 year of his life in the full assurance of a Savior's love.
Huldah Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Henry A. and Ada Howard, departed this life Apr. 5th, 1915. Her hope was realized when she celebrated Easter in Heaven;
Huldah Gunn Aldridge, the wife of James D. Aldridge, departed this life June 10, 1926 in full hope of Heaven;
Sarah Virginia Harrelson, the daughter of Wm. B. Bowe, departed this life May 29th, 1923; .

This same Bible had attached on the back flyleaf the newspaper notice of the death of Mrs. Huldah G. Aldridge and the following is an excerpt

Mrs. Huldah G. Aldridge Dies at Yanceyville

Funeral service for Mrs. Huldah Gunn Aldridge, 79, were held from the Yanceyville Methodist Church Friday afternoon by her pastor, Rev. W. C. Merritt, in charge, and she was laid to rest in the nearby church cemetery. She passed away Thursday afternoon following a long invalidism incident to her advanced years. Death came to her at the home of her son, W. P. Aldridge, two miles west of Yanceyville. She was a life-long resident of Caswell and was a daughter of William B. BOWE and she came of a family which was closely connected with the history of the county. She was a great granddaughter of Starling Gunn, a Revolutionary Patriot, who fired the first shot at the battle of Yorktown and was an eye witness of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. Surviving children are Mrs. Ada Neal Howard, Preston Aldridge, and Mrs. Mabel Clayton; surviving grandchildren are Henry A. Howard, Neal Howard, Mrs. S. B. Moore, Roxboro; Mrs. L. E. Helper, Thomasville;(probably should be Hepler); Mrs. Ada Carter, Yanceyville; James Aldridge, Ida Lea Aldridge, Ralph Aldridge, Eugene Aldridge, Bille Aldridge, Merle Clayton, Pauline Clayton, Lucie Clayton, Zelma Clayton and Thelma Clayton. The following great-grandchildren also survive; Howard Helpler, Louise Helpler, Mabel Helplar, Stokes Helpler, Bobbie Lea Helpler, Allen Howard, George Howard, Mary E. Carter, Helen Moore, Earl Moore, Billie Moore, and Howard Moore. She first joined the Yanceyville Methodist Church at age of 12 years and later moved her membership to Prospect and she was a member there the balance of her life. The pall was borne by the following friends: L. B. Page, Bobbie Poteat, Eddie Poteat, W. W. Rowland, John T. Lyons, John Allison and H. H. Roberts. Beautiful floral designs were carried by Ella Foster, Merle Clayton, Ada Carter, Ida Lea Aldridge, Virginia Dameron, Mabel Satterfield, Lucile Clayton, Ruby Gunn, Annie Lea Neal and Louise Neal.

Recorded herein on this July 25th, 1956.
J. B. Blaylock, Register of Deeds.
Copied from the files of Register of Deeds, Caswell Co., N. C.;
Mr. J. Burch Blaylock; by Mrs. Kay Dixon, member of William Gaston Chapter D A R. Gastonia, N. C. August 1956


Friday, December 12, 2008

Old Caswell Academies and Schools



Legislation. An Act to establish an Academy at the Courthouse in Caswell County:

Whereas, a number of the citizens of said county, are desirous of establishing an Academy for the promotion of learning, at the courthouse aforesaid, having by subscription, erected a convenient building on a lot appropriated to that purpose, and Trustees being already appointed by the Subscribers to carry the same into effect, and it is proper that they should be incorporated, therefore;

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That Thomas Donoho, Solomon Graves, Jesse Carter, Alexander Murphey, David Mitchell, Richard Simpson, Marmaduke Williams, Michael Montgomery, John M'Aden, James Yancey and Henry Atkinson, Esquires shall be, and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of "The Trustees of the Caswell Academy" and by that name shall have perpetual succession and that they the Trustees, and their successors by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law, to take, demand, receive and possess all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given for the use of the said Academy, and the same apply according to the will of the donors and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, have, receive, possess and enjoy and retain to them and their successors forever, any lands, rents, tenements, and hereditaments of what kind or nature soever, in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof, be applied to and for the use and purpose of establishing and endowing said academy.

Chapter XXXVII, Laws 1802.


There will be opened in the County of Caswell, near the Courthouse, on the first day of January next, an Academy, known by the Name of the Caswell Academy, for the Reception of Students, to be taught the different Branches of Literature; to wit, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, the Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, etc., etc., under the direction of the Rev. Hugh Shaw. The Terms for teaching the Latin and Greek Languages, together with the Sciences, will be 14 Dollars per Annum; Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, 7 Dollars per Annum. Boarding may be procured convenient to the said Academy in good Houses, at the low Price of 33% Dollars, and from that to 40 dollars per annum.

November 22, 1802.

Raleigh Register, November 22, 1802.


On the 4th ult. the Public Speaking, etc., commenced at the Caswell Academy, which was performed with approbation and applause; and on the 5th, the Examination began on those parts of the Studies in which the Students had been engaged the previous half year; and it is with pleasure the Trustees announce to the public, that the progress they have made, and the accuracy with which they passed their several examinations, much exceeded their expectations, and was honorable to themselves, and to their Preceptors.

By Order of the Board, Henry Atkinson, Clk.

Raleigh Register, August 1, 1803.


This Seminary, established on the pure patriotic Disposition of its Friends to cultivate Science and Literature, has increased in Number beyond the Expectation of its most sanguine Patronage. There are, at present, upwards of fifty Students who evince the strongest Proofs of expanding Genius, and discover the Advantage of an early Education. * * * The Trustees, at their last Meeting, have again contracted with the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Principal Teacher, for the ensuing Year, whose Capability and moral Character has been highly approved. The School will also be furnished with an Assistant Teacher in the Languages. They have also employed Mr. Bartlett Yancey, a young Gentleman of approved Talents, to teach the English Language Grammatically, under the Direction of the Principal Teacher. * * *

December 8, 1803. The Trustees.

Raleigh Register, December 9, 1803.


The Exercises of Caswell Academy will commence with the beginning of the next year, under the direction of Mr. Sanders Donoho. Terms of Tuition will be Fourteen Dollars for the Latin and Greek Languages, the same for Geography, with the use of the Maps and Globes; and seven dollars for the English Language.

December 20, 1804. Henry Atkinson, Treasurer.

Raleigh Register, January 28, 1805.


The Exercises of the Caswell Academy will commence as usual, on the first of January next under the direction of Mr. James Bowles, who will teach the different branches of Literature, to wit: Reading, Writing, English Grammar, the Latin and Greek Languages, Arithmetic, Geography, Geometry, Trigonometry, Natural and Moral Philosophy, with Astronomy, etc.

The Trustees flatter themselves, that being provided with an excellent pair of Globes, a set of fine Maps, and some geometrical apparatus, with the healthy situation of the Academy, the cheapness of board, and the qualifications of their Teacher, Parents and Guardians will find it to their interest to send their children to this institution.

The Trustees vouch themselves that due attention shall be paid to the tuition and morals of the Students.

Boarding may be had in convenient and respectable families for forty and forty-five dollars per year.

By order, A. Murphey.

December 23, 1805.

Raleigh Register, January I3, 1806.


The Trustees of Caswell Academy inform the Public, that they have employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, of Guilford county, to take charge of that Seminary, at the commencement of the ensuing year.

November 17, 1807. The Trustees.

Raleigh Register, December 24, 1807.


The Trustees of the Caswell Academy inform the Public, that they have employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, of Guilford County, to take charge of that Seminary, at the commencement of the ensuing year. Boarding can be had for fifty Students, within one mile and a half of the Academy, in genteel and respectable families, at forty-five and fifty dollars. It is presumed the situation and healthiness of the place, and the character and abilities of the teacher, will induce parents and others to send their children to this place.

November 17, 1807. The Trustees.

Raleigh Register, November 19, 1807.


The Trustees of this seminary have the pleasure of informing the public that they have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, formerly of Guilford as Principal Teacher in the Academy. The character of this gentleman as a profound linguist and a good teacher is well known. * * * The exercises of the Academy will go into operation on the 1st of January. The superior advantage which this institution has over country seminaries of the kind, in having an elegant and complete set of Globes and Maps, and being situated in a healthy part of the country, where morality and religion are celebrated and respected, the Trustees offer as an inducement to parents and guardians to send 'heir children and wards to this place. There is little or no inducemerit for young men to become dissipated, and every species of vice and irregularity is checked in its infancy. The laws of the institution and plan of education are modeled after those of the University, in order that boys who lay the rudiments of their education here may complete it at that place. B. Yancy, Secy.

Raleigh Register, December 22, 1808.



Of this Seminary Mr. John W. Caldwell is Principal. The School is said to be a good one. Board in the vicinity is remarkably low.

Raleigh Star, March 15, 1810.


The Trustees of this Institution have the pleasure of announcing to the Public that they still retain in their employment for the next year Mr. John W. Caldwell, a gentleman of distinguished talents and learning as a Preceptor; and under whom has been the direction of the Academy for several years.

Caswell, December 30, 1809. B. Yancy, Sec'y.

Raleigh Star, January 18, 1810.


The Trustees of the Caswell Academy have the pleasure of informing the Public, that they have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell as their Principal Teacher, for the ensuing year. * * * as also Mr. James Kerr, a young man of the strictest sobriety and temperance as an Assistant. * * *

December 15. S. Gbaves, Sec'y.

Raleigh Register, December 21, 1810.


The Trustees of Caswell Academy * * * have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, as Principal of the Academy. * * * Caswell County, December 27, 1811.

Raleigh Register, January 3, 1812.


Legislation, 1804.

An Act to Establish an Academy in the Lower End of Caswell County. Whereas, a number of the citizens of this and the adjacent counties, are desirous of establishing an academy for the promotion of learning in the lower end of the county aforesaid, and having liberally subscribed for the purpose of carrying the same into effect, and trustees being appointed, they therefore are desirous of receiving the sanction of the Legislature by an act to incorporate them. Therefore,

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That John Ogilby, John M'Aden, Thomas J. Moore, Samuel Smith, James Rainey, Swepson Sims and Herndon Haralson, Esquires, shall be, and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of "The Trustees of the Hico Academy," and by that name shall have perpetual succession; and that they the trustees and their successors by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law to take, demand, receive and possess all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given for the use of the said Academy, and the same apply according to the will of the donors; and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, have, receive, possess, enjoy and retain to them and their successors forever, any lands, rents, tenements and hereditaments of what kind or nature soever, in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof be applied to and for the use and purposes of establishing and endowing the said Academy, and all purchases by them made of real and personal estate in their names as trustees aforesaid, and all contracts entered into by them as aforesaid, are hereby declared to be as good and valid to all intents and purposes, as if they had been heretofore a body politic and corporate.

Chapter XLI, Laws of




Being nearly ready for the reception of Students, the Trustees are anxious to contract with some Gentleman as Principal Teacher, who can come well recommended for Morals and a Knowledge of the different Languages, Arts and Sciences. A Person who has been in the habit of teaching, would be preferred. Such a character will meet with liberal Encouragement on early Application to

James Rainey,
Thomas I. Moore,

July 26, 1805. John McADEN.

Raleigh Register, August 26, 1805.


The Trustees of the Hyco Academy (in the lower end of Caswell County) with pleasure inform the Public, that they have contracted with the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Teacher of the Languages, etc. and the Rev. Thomas Cottrell, as Teacher of English, Reading, Writing, etc. who will take charge of this Seminary on the 1st of January next; where will be taught the Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, Philosophy, Astronomy, History, Euclid's Elements, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Reading, Writing, etc. * * * Terms of Tuition, for Reading, Writing and the common Rules of Arithmetic, seven dollars; for English Grammar, and its application to the Languages, also the higher branches of Arithmetic, ten dollars; for Latin, Greek, etc. sixteen dollars per annum, paid quarterly in advance.

November 10. Tho. I. Moore, Clk.

Raleigh Register, November 25, 1805.



Will open on the first day of January next, for the Reception of Students. The Trustees having again engaged the Rev. Hugh Shaw as Principal Teacher, with a suitable Teacher in the lower Branches, are induced to hope that they will again meet with that Encouragement from the Public which they have so liberally experienced the present Session, and which the advantages attached to the Institution are calculated to secure.

December 18, 1806.

Raleigh Register, January 26, 1807.



The Trustees of the Hico Academy respectfully inform the Public, that they have engaged the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Principal Teacher, and the Rev. Thomas Cotterell, as Assistant Teacher, for the ensuing year. * * *

December 17.

Raleigh Register, December 2Jf, 1807.



The Trustees of the Hyco Academy, solicitous more liberally to encourage and perpetuate the advantages arising from this Seminary, and conscious of the ill success in a direct application to the generosity of the public, obtained an act of the Legislature of this State, to raise a sum by way of Lottery to be applied by said Trustees to the use and benefit of the said Academy, and now most respectfully offer the scheme to their fellow citizens and solicit their patronage. * * *

Red House, February 1, 1810. John McAden, President.

Raleigh Star, March 1, 1810.



At a general meeting of the Trustees, they resolved to commence the drawing of the Hyco Academy Lottery on the 15th of August next, at the Red House, and have appointed the following gentlemen to superintend and manage the same, to wit: Dr. John McAden, Samuel Smith, James Rainey, Herndon Haralson, Col. George Lea, Edmond Dixon and Thomas Bouldin. It is expected that those gentlemen who have or may receive Tickets to sell and do not return them by that time, will account for the price thereof in cash. The Trustees flatter themselves that the benevolent and all friends to learning and virtue (particularly when they recollect the great misfortune in the destruction of the late Hyco Academy by fire, and that a new and elegant two story building is contracted for, the first floor and walls of which are to be of brick, and are now in a considerable state of forwardness,) will not only themselves, but cause others to become adventurers in this Lottery. Few Lotteries of the same magnitude present prospects of equal benefit with as little risk.—Price of Tickets only three dollars— highest prize $1000, lowest $5, and two blanks to a prize only. The known integrity of the managers warrants justice to adventurers.— Tickets may be had from any of the Trustees and at most of the Stores and Post-Offices in Person and Caswell.

George W. Jeffreys, Cl'k.

Red House, Caswell County, June 9, 1811.

The Star, June 28, 1811.



The Trustees of Hyco Academy have completed an elegant Brick House Building, and have contracted with Mr. Abel Graham to superintend this institution, the ensuing year. * * * English Language grammatically, the Latin and Greek Languages, with the usual branches of Science, will be taught in this Academy. * * * The Exercises will commence on the first day of January, 1813. * * * Board on moderate terms may be procured at the Red House, within half a mile of the Academy, where arrangements have been made to receive ten or fifteen Students. * * *

At which place an assortment of Latin, Greek and English Books are now on hand for sale, for the accommodation of the Students. *******

Raleigh Register, November 27, 1812.



Notwithstanding the Wood Work of this Academy has again been consumed by Fire, Preparations have been made for the reception of Students, and the School will go into operation on Monday the 4th of January, 1813, under the superintendence of Mr. Abel Graham as Principal Teacher. * * * The Wood Work of the elegant Brick Building will be completed again perhaps by the first of May, for the reception of Students and for the operation of the School.

Caswell County, N. C., December 28, (1812).

Raleigh Register, January 8, 1813.



* * * The Trustees have procured for the use of the school a pair of large and elegant Globes and a complete set of Maps on the most approved scale. * * * They have employed Mr. Holbrook for the next year. * * * E. D. Jones, Clerk.

Red House, Caswell, June 20.
Raleigh Register, July 1, 1814.


The Trustees take this method of announcing to the Public, that this institution, notwithstanding its several misfortunes, is now in a complete state of readiness for the reception and accommodation of Students, where they may be correctly taught the Latin and Greek Classics and a general course of Science by Mr. L. Holbrooks. * * * The above branches of Education will be taught for Twenty Dollars per year, paid quarterly in advance. The School will go into operation on the first Monday in January next. * * *

Red House, Caswell, December 23, 1813. E. D. Jones, Clk.

Raleigh Register, January 7, 1814.



* * * The services of Mr. John H. Hinton, under whose direction the Academy has been placed during the present year, are engaged for the next. He was educated at the University and afterwards taught, with reputation, both in the College and in the Preparatory department at that place. The system on which he teaches is, therefore, precisely the same which is there adopted, and the course of studies such as to render the Academy in every respect preparatory to the University.

The very essential branches of Classical education—correct pronunciation, according to the rules of Prosody, Scanning, and the derivation and composition of words—so much neglected in other Academies, here receive particular attention.

Proper attention is also paid to the English education of classical students; and as a Sabbath exercise McDowell's Bible Questions will in future be taught. * * * Geo. W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

Red House, Caswell County, December 11.

Raleigh Register, December 24, 1818.



* * * The inconvenience and loss of time the Students from many other Academies in the State experience on going to the College, from having attended to their studies in a different order from that established there, and from having pursued such as are not auxiliary to admittance, or if at all, are very remotely so, have been long and very justly a subject of dissatisfaction with those going to the University. These difficulties are obviated in this Academy by the establishment of precisely the same studies that are pursued at the College, in the lower classes and in the Preparatory School there. So it may be truly said that this school is strictly preparatory to the University. The Trustees would do great injustice to Mr. John H. Hinton, were they not to express in terms of high approbation their sense of the manner in which he has conducted this Institution during the last session. * * *

June 2, 1818. George W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

[From account of the examination in 1818.]

Raleigh Register, June 12, 1818.



The Exercises of this Institution will be resumed on Monday the 3d of January, 1820, under the superintendence of Mr. John H. Hinton (formerly of the University) as Principal. The Latin and Greek Languages and the principal branches of the Sciences are taught here, and Students are prepared to enter the University with the highest credit. * * * G. W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

Red House, Caswell, December 14.

Raleigh Register, December 17, 1819.



The Trustees of this institution have the pleasure of announcing to the public, that they have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M., as principal teacher for the ensuing year. This gentleman is a graduate of one of the Northern Colleges, and has been engaged in teaching, both in public Academies and as a private tutor for several years. He is qualified to teach the various branches of the sciences, and the Latin and Greek Languages with skill and correctness; and under his care the Trustees will continue to render this academy in its studies strictly preparatory to the University, as it has been so eminently for several years.

The exercises of this institution will commence on the 8th of January ensuing.

Board may be had in the neighborhood at many respectable houses convenient to the Academy, upon very cheap terms.

The prices of tuition are as usual with other Academies.

G. W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

Red House, Caswell County, December 11, 1820.

(Adv.) The Star, December 15, 1820.


The Trustees * * * have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M. to take charge of this Academy for the ensuing year. * * * Mr. Dabney Rainey is employed as assistant. * * *

November 22, 1821. Geo. W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

Raleigh Register, November 30, 1821.



The Trustees take pleasure in informing the Public, that they have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M. to take charge of this Academy for the ensuing year. From his judicious management, upright conduct, close attention to the duties of the institution and the consequent improvement of the Students, and the general satisfaction given the present year, we feel a confidence in asserting, that under its present Principal it as least equals its former character, and is in reality one of the most eligible institutions in the State for preparing Students to enter the University. We therefore again solicit patronage of our friends and the public in general. Mr. Dabney Rainey is employed as assistant. His capability for governing and instructing has been manifested both in the Academy and elsewhere. Every branch of English and Classical Education usually taught in Academies, will be taught in this; and no applicant for admission who bears a good moral character, will be rejected for want of preparatory study to enter the class. Prices of tuition on our usual moderate terms. Board and Washing can be had in the neighborhood in respectable families at thirty-five dollars per Session. Strict attention will be paid to the behavior and Moral deportment of the Students.

The Exercises of the Academy will commence on Monday the 21st January. Geo. W. Jeffreys, Sec'y.

Red House, Caswell County, November 22, 1821.

N. B.—The almost invariable good health of the Students in Hyco Academy and its vicinity during the last summer when sickness prevailed in most other parts of the country, we think, is no small recommendation of the place.

Raleigh Register, January 11, 1822.



Situated near the Red House

Caswell County, N.C.

The Summer Session of Hyco Academy will commence on Tuesday the 1st day of July under the superintendence of a gentleman who has enjoyed the advantages of a regular collegiate education, and much successful experience as an instructor of youth, whose testimonials from the President and Professors of the College at which he was graduated, as well as from his patrons, and other gentlemen of great respectability, are full and unexceptional. At this Academy, young gentlemen may acquire a good English and classical education; or they may be thoroughly prepared for admission to any College or University in the United States. The Superintendent pledges himself, that no exertions shall be wanting on his part, to promote the welfare and rapid improvement of his pupils, and merit the approbation and confidence of his patrons. The agreeable and well cultivated society, as well as the extraordinary healthfulness of the neighborhood in which this Academy is situated, (and it is confidently believed that no neighborhood in the United States is more healthy,) and its remoteness from scenes of dissipation, are circumstances well calculated to recommend it to the favorable consideration of parents and guardians. Board may be procured in the most respectable and well regulated families, at the rate of $7 per month. The scholastic year will be divided into two equal sessions of five months. The rate of tuition (payable in advance) will be as follows, viz.

Some of the elementary branches of English education, per Session $8.00 Other branches of English education, 10.00

Latin or Greek Languages or Mathematics, 15.00

Persona wishing to become acquainted with further particulars, are respectfully referred to the following gentlemen and patrons of the Academy, viz. Dr. John McAden, Dr. David Pointer, Capt. William Irvine, James W. Jeffreys, Esq. and Rev. D. A. Montgomery, of Caswell county, and Dr. Thomas P. Atkinson, of Halifax county, Va. Communications may be addressed to the Principal of the Academy, at the Red House, N. C.

June 10, 1834.

The Star, Raleigh, June 19, 1834.


In the upper end of Caswell County

Will commence on the first day of October, under the direction of Mr. William C. Love, from the University of North Carolina, where the English and Latin Languages will be taught. Mr. Love is a young gentleman who possesses handsome acquirements, and a good moral character; this, together with healthiness of the situ- tion, will doubtless be an inducement to many Gentlemen to send their sons. Boarding, Washing and Lodging (notwithstanding the bad prospect of Crops) may be had for twenty students, within one mile and a half of the School, at Forty-five dollars each, per annum; and it is hoped this institution will be so conducted as to answer the most sanguine expectation of those Gentlemen who may think proper to send their sons.

By order of the Trustees. M. Duke Mitchell, Clk.

September 4, 1804.

Raleigh Register, September 24, 1804.



The Examination of the Students attached to the Seminary in this vicinity known by the name of Springfield Academy, under the superintendence of Mr. William C. Clarke, took place on Thursday last. A gentleman who was present and much gratified at the exhibition, informs us that the exercises were well sustained throughout, and that most of the pupils displayed a proficiency not less honorable to industry of the scholar than creditable to the talents of the Teacher.

Raleigh Register, Thursday, July 7, 1831.


A Female Seminary is now preparing and will commence Teaching on the 1st day of next October, at Mr. Brice Collins, in Caswell county, North Carolina, about 4 miles north of Mr. McCauley's Store; where will be taught the following Sciences by the Subscriber, to wit, Orthography, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Needlework, Drawing, Painting, Embroidery, Geography and the Use of the Maps, also Scanning Poetry—where due attention will be given. The price of Tuition Ten Dollars per Year to be paid quarterly. * * *

Caswell, September 9. Rachel Prendergast.

Raleigh Register, October 2, 1818.


The building for the Female Academy in this place, being nearly completed, the Trustees take this method to inform the public, that it will go into operation on the 2d Monday in January next under the special direction and superintendence of the Rev. Abner W. Clopton. In employing Mr. Clopton to superintend the Academy, they have not only consulted their own feelings in regard to a public ministry, but they have had also particular regard to public sentiment in relation to the institution. Most parents choose to place their daughters at institutions where they may enjoy the advantages of religious instruction.

And while the Trustees have acted with deference to this disposition, they have taken the necessary steps to secure the most efficient means of combining, with religious privileges, the best opportunities of the literary and ornamental branches of education. For this purpose they expect to have two of the best tutoresses that can be procured from Philadelphia or New York.

The prices of Board and Tuition will be regulated by those of the Oxford Female Academy, and will be required in advance.

The first session will end on the second Monday in June.

By order, R. M. Sanders, Sec'y.

Having been employed by the Trustees to superintend the Female Academy, in Milton, I submit the following remarks to the consideration of such as may be unacquainted with the prospects of this institution. While literary institutions are constantly multiplying, it must be a subject of pleasing reflection to pious parents, if not to others, that religious instruction forms a prominent feature in some of these institutions. * * * It is a fact too notorious to be doubted, and too serious not to be lamented, that many parents have awfully neglected the pious instruction of their children. * * * The superintendent of the Salem Academy having been consulted on the subject gave it as his decided opinion, that a minister of the Gospel should take charge of our institution. And the Trustees, wishing to give to their system of education every advantage that the public might require, determined to follow his counsel. * * *

We cannot, at present, name our Tutoresses. But it may be confidently understood, that none but such as are in all respects qualified, will be employed. The Trustees would not have delayed the procurement of them until this time, if they had not been disappointed in their expectations of obtaining some from Elizabeth Town. There will be public worship, in the Academy, regularly twice on every Lord's day—- in the forenoon and at night; and the pupils will have religious exercises appointed them invariably, on the afternoon of the same day. * * * Parents may be well assured also, that their daughters, while here, will be as effectually debarred from all scenes of profane merriment, and revelling, as are the pupils of the Salem School. * * * Milton, N. C., December 2, 1819. A. W. Clopton.

In addition to the above, the Trustees have the pleasure to announce to the public, that two young Ladies, by the name of Thomas, of the city of New York, having offered their services, will be employed as Tutoresses in our Academy.

These ladies, being members of the Episcopal Church, whose pastor is the Rev. Mr. Lyle, will come recommended by him; and by the Rev. Dr. Spring, pastor of the Presbyterian Church ; and by the Rev. Mr. Williams, pastor of the 2d Baptist church, in the city of New York. * * *

Raleigh Register, December 31, 1819


The subscriber has opened a School in Caswell county, near Brown's Store, for the instruction of youth, in the rudiments of the English, Latin and Greek Languages. — Geography, with the use of the Globes. Natural and Moral Philosophy &c will also be taught. This School is 10 miles west of Caswell Courthouse, and 7 miles east from Rockingham Springs. John H. Pickard.

November 25.

Raleigh Register, December 3,


M1ss Ballantine will open a Seminary for Young Ladies, on the 5th September inst. at Gen. A. Graves' in the upper end of Caswell County. The situation is very pleasant and adjacent to the Rockingham Springs. The course of instruction will be carried on in a regular system, embracing all the Scientific and Ornamental Branches necessary to complete the Female Education. She will also deem it her imperious duty to pay particular attention to the morals and manners of the Young Ladies committed to her care.

Pupils from a distance can be accommodated with board by Mrs. Lea, whose residence is quite convenient to the school house. Her terms of board are $35 per session. The first session will end on the 20th of December next; and a proportionable deduction will be made in the price of tuition and board on account of the shortness of the session.

Prices Of Tuition.

For the 1st Class $10.00

2d do 12.50

3d and 4th Class 15.00

All Ornamental Branches will be taught at the usual prices.
Caswell County, September 1, 1825.
Raleigh Register, September 6, 1825.



Has opened a Seminary for young Ladies near the store of Q. Anderson, Esq. in Caswell County, where she proposes to teach the next year:—the next session will commence of the second day of January next. The course of instruction will be carried on in a regular system, embracing the Sciences and Ornamental branches usually taught in Female Seminaries. She will also deem it her imperious duty to pay particular attention to the morals and manners of the young ladies committed to her care. Mrs. Stith would furnish young ladies with board, at Fifty Dollars per year. Tuition Sixteen Dollars—or in proportion for a shorter time.

Caswell, September 25, 1825.

Raleigh Register, October 4, 1825.


A New Preparatory School.

The Subscriber has, with a view to a permanent location, made arrangements to open on the 19th inst. a Classical School in Leasburg, Caswell county, N. C. in which will be taught those branches of Literature and Science usually taught in the best Preparatory Schools. The much neglected studies of composition and declamation will receive more than an ordinary degree of attention.

The Principal will conscientiously consider himself not only the instructor of the minds of his pupils, but of their manners and morals also. The Principal considers himself as very fortunate in his location. He is convinced that students can pursue their studies here, with fewer temptations to morals and distractions to study than in most county seats, in which Classical Schools are generally located.

Leasburg is a neat, rural village, and is every way eligible as a school location, whether we regard the healthiness of its situation, the intelligence and morality of its inhabitants, or the cheapness of board which (including firewood, washing, candles, &c. &c.) will range from five to seven dollars.

The Academy is of brick, and situated in a beautiful grove of oaks. The school room is comfortable and commodious. The Tuition fees per session will be as follows, viz.

For the languages, Greek, Latin and French $15.00

" higher branches of English 12.50

" lower do do 10.00

Leasburg, Jan. 2, 1835. Wm. H. Owen, Principal.

The Star, January 15, 1835.


Monday, December 01, 2008

Jeanette Ziglar Wilson (1922-2008)

Jeanette Roach Ziglar Wilson (1922-2008)

Cary, North Carolina (November 2008) - Jeanette Ziglar Wilson was born in Madison, North Carolina on 29 January 1922, a snowy day. She was a bright student, graduating from high school at age sixteen and going on to receive a professional business degree from UNC Greensboro, known then as the Womens' College. Although her first job was at her grandfather's grocery, Jeanette worked in the business office of the Washington Mill after graduation. She played on the Womens' Mill League basketball team, and at one of her ball games caught the eye of a handsome agriculture teacher from Blanch, North Carolina, her soon to be husband. Jeanette and Ed married in 1942. Jeanette was President of the Bartlett Yancey PTA, the Director of the NC 6th District United Daughters of the Confederacy, was Caswell County's Homemaker of the Year and participated in a variety of homemakers' clubs in Caswell County and in Cary, NC. In her home there existed a multitude of loving gestures; from immaculately clean surroundings to wonderfully prepared family meals that always included at least one, if not several, homemade desserts. Jeanette was Ed's partner in life. She worked alongside him at the farm in Caswell County, raised the children while he was away at war, campaigned with him when he ran for the State Legislature and served the Kirk of Kildaire Presbyterian Church with the dedication of an Elder's wife. Jeanette loved and supported her children, and adored her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Jeanette had a great sense of humor and enjoyed celebra-tions with family and friends. She loved music and dancing even as her dementia progressed. We were all so very blessed to have known her and to have been embraced by her love until her death on November 25, 2008.

Jeanette was predeceased by her parents, Russell and Glysta Ziglar, and her husband, Edward H. Wilson, Sr. She leaves behind four children: Ed Wilson Jr. and wife Sue, Jim Wilson and wife Linda, Connie Crook and husband John, and Anne Rogers and husband Jack; eight grandchildren, Steve Wilson, Sherri Catalano, Leigh Anne Wilson, Jamie Wilson, JT Crook, Wil Crook, Michael Bryan and David Bryan; and five great grandchildren. Jeanette's grandchildren will serve as pallbearers.

The family is grateful for the loving care provided to Jeanette by her extended family at Brighton Gardens of Raleigh, Dr. Janet Dear, and Hospice of Wake County. The family will receive friends at Brown-Wynne Funeral Home in Cary on Saturday, November 29, 2008 from 7-9 p.m. A graveside service will be held at Highland Burial Park in Danville, VA at 11 a.m. on Sunday, November 30, 2008. A memorial service will be held 3 p.m. on Sunday, November 30, 2008 at the Kirk of Kildaire Presbyterian Church in Cary. In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate contributions in Jeanette's memory to the building fund of Kirk of Kil-daire Presbyterian Church, 200 High Meadow Drive, Cary, NC 27511, or to Hospice of Wake County, 1300 St. Mary's Street, Fourth Floor, Raleigh, NC 27605.

For more on Jeanette Ziglar Wilson and the Wilson family of Caswell County go to the Caswell County Family Tree.